Springer Theses

Optically Active Charge Traps and Chemical Defects in Semiconducting Nanocrystals Probed by Pulsed Optically Detected Magnetic Resonance

Authors: van Schooten, Kipp

  • Nominated by the University of Utah, USA, as an outstanding Ph.D. thesis
  • Lays the groundwork for further use of Electron Spin Echo Envelop Modulation (ESEEM) and opens the possibility of highly precise chemical fingerprinting
  • Reveals an astonishingly long memory of spin coherence in semiconductor particles
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About this book

Colloidal nanocrystals show much promise as an optoelectronics architecture due to facile control over electronic properties afforded by chemical control of size, shape, and heterostructure. Unfortunately, realizing practical devices has been forestalled by the ubiquitous presence of charge "trap" states which compete with band-edge excitons and result in limited device efficiencies. Little is known about the defining characteristics of these traps, making engineered strategies for their removal difficult.

This thesis outlines pulsed optically detected magnetic resonance as a powerful spectroscopy of the chemical and electronic nature of these deleterious states. Counterintuitive for such heavy atom materials, some trap species possess very long spin coherence lifetimes (up to 1.6 ┬Ás). This quality allows use of the trapped charge's magnetic moment as a local probe of the trap state itself and its local environment. Beyond state characterization, this spectroscopy can demonstrate novel effects in heterostructured nanocrystals, such as spatially-remote readout of spin information and the coherent control of light harvesting yield.

About the authors

Kipp van Schooten
Department of Physics and Astronomy
University of Utah
Salt Lake City, UT, 84112
USA

Kipp van Schooten received his Ph.D. in Physics (Condensed Matter focus) from the University of Utah in December 2012. He received the Outstanding Teaching Assistant award each year from 2005 - 2009 for the courses "Intro to Quantum Relativity" and "Solid State Physics II." In 2011, he also received first place for Best Graduate Student Oral Presentation at the University of Utah.

Table of contents (5 chapters)

  • Introduction

    Schooten, Kipp

    Pages 1-33

  • Experimental Methods

    Schooten, Kipp

    Pages 35-49

  • Spin-Dependent Exciton Quenching and Intrinsic Spin Coherence in CdSe/CdS Nanocrystals

    Schooten, Kipp

    Pages 51-73

  • Towards Chemical Fingerprinting of Deep-Level Defect Sites in CdS Nanocrystals by Optically Detected Spin Coherence

    Schooten, Kipp

    Pages 75-88

  • Summary of Work

    Schooten, Kipp

    Pages 89-90

Buy this book

eBook $99.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-319-00590-4
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $129.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-319-00589-8
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $129.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-319-03328-0
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Rent the ebook  
  • Rental duration: 1 or 6 month
  • low-cost access
  • online reader with highlighting and note-making option
  • can be used across all devices
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Optically Active Charge Traps and Chemical Defects in Semiconducting Nanocrystals Probed by Pulsed Optically Detected Magnetic Resonance
Authors
Series Title
Springer Theses
Copyright
2013
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright Holder
Springer International Publishing Switzerland
eBook ISBN
978-3-319-00590-4
DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-00590-4
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-319-00589-8
Softcover ISBN
978-3-319-03328-0
Series ISSN
2190-5053
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XIV, 90
Topics