Modern Birkhäuser Classics

Differential Galois Theory and Non-Integrability of Hamiltonian Systems

Authors: Morales-Ruiz, Juan

  • Award-winning monograph of the Ferran Sunyer i Balaguer Prize 1998
  • Well-balanced exposition addressing the relation between two different concepts of integrability
  • Proposes problems and conjectures which open new lines of research
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About this book

This book is devoted to the relation between two different concepts of integrability: the complete integrability of complex analytical Hamiltonian systems and the integrability of complex analytical linear differential equations. For linear differential equations, integrability is made precise within the framework of differential Galois theory. The connection of these two integrability notions is given by the variational equation (i.e. linearized equation) along a particular integral curve of the Hamiltonian system. The underlying heuristic idea, which motivated the main results presented in this monograph, is that a necessary condition for the integrability of a Hamiltonian system is the integrability of the variational equation along any of its particular integral curves. This idea led to the algebraic non-integrability criteria for Hamiltonian systems. These criteria can be considered as generalizations of classical non-integrability results by Poincaré and Lyapunov, as well as more recent results by Ziglin and Yoshida. Thus, by means of the differential Galois theory it is not only possible to understand all these approaches in a unified way but also to improve them. Several important applications are also included: homogeneous potentials, Bianchi IX cosmological model, three-body problem, Hénon-Heiles system, etc.

The book is based on the original joint research of the author with J.M. Peris, J.P. Ramis and C. Simó, but an effort was made to present these achievements in their logical order rather than their historical one. The necessary background on differential Galois theory and Hamiltonian systems is included, and several new problems and conjectures which open new lines of research are proposed.

- - -

The book is an excellent introduction to non-integrability methods in Hamiltonian mechanics and brings the reader to the forefront of research in the area. The inclusion of a large number of worked-out examples, many of wide applied interest, is commendable. There are many historical references, and an extensive bibliography.
(Mathematical Reviews)

For readers already prepared in the two prerequisite subjects [differential Galois theory and Hamiltonian dynamical systems], the author has provided a logically accessible account of a remarkable interaction between differential algebra and dynamics.
(Zentralblatt MATH)

About the authors

Juan J. Morales Ruiz is Professor at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain.          

Reviews

"...[an] account of recent work of the author and co-workers on obstructions to the complete integrability of complex Hamiltonian systems. The methods are of considerable importance to practitioners... The book provides all the needed background...and presents concrete examples in considerable detail... The final chapter...includes a fascinating account of work-in-progress by the author and his collaborators... Of particular interest...is the program of extending the differential Galois theory to higher-order variational equations... [an] excellent introduction to non-integrability methods in Hamiltonian mechanics [that] brings the reader to the forefront of research in the area. The inclusion of a large number of worked-out examples, many of wide applied interest, is commendable. There are many historical references, and an extensive bibliography."

--Mathematical Reviews


Table of contents (8 chapters)

Buy this book

eBook $54.99
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-0348-8718-2
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $69.99
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-0348-0720-3
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $139.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-0348-9741-9
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Differential Galois Theory and Non-Integrability of Hamiltonian Systems
Authors
Series Title
Modern Birkhäuser Classics
Copyright
1999
Publisher
Birkhäuser Basel
Copyright Holder
Springer Basel
eBook ISBN
978-3-0348-8718-2
DOI
10.1007/978-3-0348-8718-2
Softcover ISBN
978-3-0348-0720-3
Softcover ISBN
978-3-0348-9741-9
Series ISSN
2197-1803
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XIV, 167
Number of Illustrations and Tables
5 b/w illustrations
Additional Information
Originally published as volume 179 in the Progress in Mathematics series
Topics