Classical Geometries in Modern Contexts

Geometry of Real Inner Product Spaces Third Edition

Authors: Benz, Walter

  • Dimension-free presentation Inclusion of proofs of newer theorems characterizing isometries and Lorentz transformations under mild hypotheses
  • Common presentation for finite and infinite dimensional real inner product spaces X on an elementary basis, i.e., avoiding transfinite methods
  • Highlights like the projective approach to dimension-free hyperbolic geometry or the principle of duality are developed
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About this book

The focus of this book and its geometric notions is on real vector spaces X that are finite or infinite inner product spaces of arbitrary dimension greater than or equal to 2. It characterizes both euclidean and hyperbolic geometry with respect to natural properties of (general) translations and general distances of X. Also for these spaces X, it studies the sphere geometries of Möbius and Lie as well as geometries where Lorentz transformations play the key role.

Proofs of newer theorems characterizing isometries and Lorentz transformations under mild hypotheses are included, such as for instance infinite dimensional versions of famous theorems of A.D. Alexandrov on Lorentz transformations. A real benefit is the dimension-free approach to important geometrical theories.

New to this third edition is a chapter dealing with a simple and great idea of Leibniz that allows us to characterize, for these same spaces X, hyperplanes of euclidean, hyperbolic geometry, or spherical geometry, the geometries of Lorentz-Minkowski and de Sitter, and this through finite or infinite dimensions greater than 1.

Another new and fundamental result in this edition concerns the representation of hyperbolic motions, their form and their transformations. Further we show that the geometry (P,G) of segments based on X is isomorphic to the hyperbolic geometry over X. Here P collects all x in X of norm less than one, G is defined to be the group of bijections of P transforming segments of P onto segments.

The only prerequisites for reading this book are basic linear algebra and basic 2- and 3-dimensional real geometry. This implies that mathematicians who have not so far been especially interested in geometry could study and understand some of the great ideas of classical geometries in modern and general contexts.

Reviews

The precise and clear style of the presented matter enables the reader (with some basic knowledge) to obtain some profound insight into this field of geometry. [...] The book can be recommended to students and teachers who want to get into the state of the art of this theory.

Review of the 2nd edition by O. Röschel (Graz)
Internationale Mathematische Nachrichten Nr. 212, Dez. 2009

[...] The book on the one hand brings together many elder results scattered through the literature and on the other hand leads to the frontier of research. Thus it is highly welcomed and can be recommended warmly to anyone interested in this topic.

Review of the first edition by G. Kowol, Vienna
Monatshefte für Mathematik Vol. 150, No. 3/2007

"... The mathematical prerequisites are minimal - the rudiments of linear algebra suffice - and all theorems are proved in detail. Following the proofs does not involve more than following the lines of a computation, and the author makes every effort to avoid referring to a synthetic geometric understanding, given that he aims at attracting readers with a distaste for synthetic geometry, which, given the academic curricula of the past decades, represent the overwhelming majority of potential readers of any mathematical monograph. One of the lessons of this monograph is that there is a coordinate-free analytic geometry, which significantly simplifies computations and frees the mind from redundant assumptions. the author makes every effort to avoid referring to a synthetic geometric understanding, given that he aims at attracting readers with a distaste for synthetic geometry, which, given the academic curricula of the past decades, represent the overwhelming majority of potential readers of any mathematical monograph. One of the lessons of this monograph is that there is a coordinate-free analytic geometry, which significantly simplifies computations and frees the mind from redundant assumptions. ..."

Review of the first edition by Victor V. Pambuccian, Mathematical Reviews 2006


Table of contents (6 chapters)

Buy this book

eBook $109.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-0348-0420-2
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $139.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-0348-0419-6
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $139.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-3-0348-0741-8
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Rent the ebook  
  • Rental duration: 1 or 6 month
  • low-cost access
  • online reader with highlighting and note-making option
  • can be used across all devices
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Classical Geometries in Modern Contexts
Book Subtitle
Geometry of Real Inner Product Spaces Third Edition
Authors
Copyright
2012
Publisher
Birkhäuser Basel
Copyright Holder
Springer Basel
eBook ISBN
978-3-0348-0420-2
DOI
10.1007/978-3-0348-0420-2
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-0348-0419-6
Softcover ISBN
978-3-0348-0741-8
Edition Number
3
Number of Pages
XVIII, 310
Topics