Closing the Gap

GEF Experiences in Global Energy Efficiency

Authors: Yang, Ming

  • Evaluates cost-effectiveness in world energy efficiency investments bringing a new perspective to the topic 
  • Presents a new methodology to quantify investment impacts with a goal of maximizing global environment benefits by expanding traditional methods of evaluation to include further financial, logistical and socially relevant factors 
  • Provides clear steps and methods for selecting, designing, developing, implementing, and evaluating climate change mitigation projects and programs to be implemented in real-world situations
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About this book

Energy efficiency plays and will continue to play an important role in the world to save energy and mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. However, little is known on how much additional capital should be invested to ensure using energy efficiently as it should be, and very little is known which sub-areas, technologies, and countries shall achieve maximum greenhouse gas emissions mitigation per dollar of investment in energy efficiency worldwide.

Analyzing completed and slowly moving energy efficiency projects by the Global Environment Facility during 1991-2010, Closing the Gap: GEF Experiences in Global Energy Efficiency evaluates impacts of multi-billion-dollar investments in the world energy efficiency. It covers the following areas:

1.       Reviewing the world energy efficiency investment and disclosing the global energy efficiency gap and market barriers that cause the gap;

2.       Leveraging private funds with public funds and other resources in energy efficiency investments; using these funds in tangible and intangible asset investments;

3.       Investment effectiveness in dollars per metric ton of CO2 emissions mitigation in 10 energy efficiency sub-areas;

4.       Major barriers causing failure and abandonments in energy efficiency investments;

5.       Quantification of direct and indirect CO2 emissions mitigations inside and outside a project boundary; and

6.       Classification and estimation of CO2 emissions mitigations from tangible and intangible asset investments.

Closing the Gap: GEF Experiences in Global Energy Efficiency can serve as a handbook for policymakers, project investors and managers, and project implementation practitioners in need of benchmarks in energy efficiency project investments for decision-making. It can also be used by students, researchers and other professionals in universities and research institutions in methodology development for evaluating energy efficiency projects and programs.

About the authors

Dr. Ming Yang has over 20 years of work experience in global energy efficiency and climate change. He was working in the Asian Development Bank as Energy Adviser and Climate Change Specialist between 2001 and 3003. He also worked as Energy and Environment Economist and Energy Technology Economist at the International Energy Agency of the OECD in Paris from January 2005 to November 2008. Dr. Yang joined the Global Environment Facility of the World Bank Group as Sr. Environmental Economist in December 2008. Since 2010, he has been working as Sr. Climate Change Specialist in the GEF. Over the past eleven years, as either a prime or a co-author, he has six books published in the areas of energy efficiency and climate change. Dr. Yang holds Ph.D. in energy economics and planning from the Asian Institute of Technology in Bangkok jointly with l'Institut d'Economie et de Politique de l'Energie (IEPE), Université des Sciences Sociales, Grenoble, France.

The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is a multilateral financial mechanism providing grants to developing countries for projects and programs that protect the global environment. Since its establishment in 1991, the GEF has been supporting and financing projects in six focal areas: biodiversity, climate change, international waters, land degradation, the ozone layer, and persistent organic pollutants. The mission of the GEF is to be a platform for international cooperation for the purpose of providing grants and concessional funding to cover the incremental costs of measures to achieve global environmental benefits. The GEF is the designated financial mechanism of four international environmental conventions: the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, the UNFCCC, and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification. Over the past 20 years, the GEF has been the only multilateral financial mechanism for the UNFCCC to finance energy efficiency and other projects to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The Green Climate Fund (GCF), recently established as another operating entity of the financial mechanism of the UNFCCC, is under development, and the GEF has been contributing to the development of the GCF. The GEF administers three trust funds: the Global Environment Facility Trust Fund (GEF Trust Fund), the Special Climate Change Trust Fund (SCCF), and the Least Developed Countries Trust Fund (LDCF). The GEF also administers the Nagoya Protocol Implementation Fund (NPIF) and provides secretariat services, on an interim basis, to the Kyoto Protocol Adaptation Fund (AF).

Table of contents (10 chapters)

  • Introduction

    Yang, Ming

    Pages 1-7

  • Background and Literature Review on Energy Efficiency Gaps

    Yang, Ming

    Pages 9-25

  • Overview of GEF Mandate in Energy Efficiency

    Yang, Ming

    Pages 27-38

  • A Representative Energy Efficiency Project

    Yang, Ming

    Pages 39-58

  • Quantitative Methodology, Data Analysis, and Assumptions

    Yang, Ming

    Pages 59-69

Buy this book

eBook $119.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-1-4471-4516-5
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $159.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-1-4471-4515-8
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $159.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-1-4471-6223-0
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Rent the ebook  
  • Rental duration: 1 or 6 month
  • low-cost access
  • online reader with highlighting and note-making option
  • can be used across all devices
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Closing the Gap
Book Subtitle
GEF Experiences in Global Energy Efficiency
Authors
Copyright
2013
Publisher
Springer-Verlag London
Copyright Holder
World Bank
eBook ISBN
978-1-4471-4516-5
DOI
10.1007/978-1-4471-4516-5
Hardcover ISBN
978-1-4471-4515-8
Softcover ISBN
978-1-4471-6223-0
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XXXIV, 194
Topics