Partially Ordered Systems

Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems

Authors: Ngai, K.L.

  • Exposes the reader to many different classes of materials and relaxation phenomena
  • A thorough treatment of the Glass Transition Problem
  • With over 1800 references and hundreds of figures, this book collects the results of numerous experiments and illustrates the universal behavior of relaxation and diffusion in interacting systems
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About this book

Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems comprehensively presents a variety of experimental evidences of universal relaxation and diffusion properties in complex materials and systems. The materials discussed include liquids, glasses, colloids, polymers, rubbers, plastic crystals and aqueous mixtures, as well as carbohydrates, biomolecules, bioprotectants and pharmaceuticals. Due to the abundance of experimental data, emphasis is placed on glass-formers and the glass transition problem, a still unsolved problem in condensed matter physics and chemistry. The evidence for universal properties of relaxation and diffusion dynamics suggests that a fundamental physical law is at work. The origin of the universal properties is traced to the many-body effects of the interaction, rigorous theory of which does not exist at the present time. However, using solutions of simplified models as guides, key quantities have been identified and predictions of the universal properties generated. These predictions from Ngai’s Coupling Model can qualitatively as well as quantitatively explain the experimentally observed dynamic properties of different complex interacting materials and systems in many cases, essentially from the strength of the interaction. Change of relaxation and diffusion dynamics when dimension of the material is reduced to nanometer scale are consistent with the predictions. The success of the Coupling Model provides some measure of understanding the relaxation properties of complex interacting systems and also paves the way for the construction of rigorous theories in the future. Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems describes advances that affect many different areas of research, and will be of particular interest to those working in the fields of materials science, nanotechnology, energy and medicine.

About the authors

Dr. Kia L. Ngai has worked in relaxation and diffusion in disordered and partially ordered systems across many disciplines for 25 years. He has authored or co-authored over 300 publications in archival journals. His works have been cited widely. Dr. Ngai has also written a chapter in the textbook, Physical Properties of Polymers, 3rd edition (Cambridge University Press, 2003); two chapters in Physical Properties of Polymers Handbook, edited by James E. Mark (Springer), and a chapter in Science and Technology of Rubber (Elsevier). He was the originator and organizer of the following large-scale international conference series entitled "International Discussion Meeting on Relaxations in Complex Systems": 1990, Herklion, Crete, Greece; 1993, Alicante, Spain; 1997 Vigo, Spain; 2001, Hersonissos, Crete, Greece; and 2005, Lille, France. I served as the editor of the Proceedings of each of these Meetings. The proceedings are published as refereed papers in the Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids (Elsevier) in 1991, 1994, 1998 and 2002.

Table of contents (4 chapters)

  • Introduction to the Problems of Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems

    Ngai, K.L.

    Pages 1-47

  • Glass-Forming Substances and Systems

    Ngai, K.L.

    Pages 49-638

  • Universal Properties of Relaxation and Diffusion in Interacting Complex Systems

    Ngai, K.L.

    Pages 639-764

  • Afterword

    Ngai, K.L.

    Pages 765-771

Buy this book

eBook $189.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-1-4419-7649-9
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $249.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-1-4419-7648-2
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Rent the ebook  
  • Rental duration: 1 or 6 month
  • low-cost access
  • online reader with highlighting and note-making option
  • can be used across all devices
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems
Authors
Series Title
Partially Ordered Systems
Copyright
2011
Publisher
Springer-Verlag New York
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
eBook ISBN
978-1-4419-7649-9
DOI
10.1007/978-1-4419-7649-9
Hardcover ISBN
978-1-4419-7648-2
Series ISSN
0941-5114
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XXI, 835
Topics