Studies in Public Choice

A Natural Experiment on Electoral Law Reform

Evaluating the Long Run Consequences of 1990s Electoral Reform in Italy and Japan

Editors: Giannetti, Daniela, Grofman, Bernard (Eds.)

  • Teams up experts in Italian and Japanese politics in a unique comparative analysis of electoral reforms in these countries
  • Considers electoral systems in political, social, and cultural context
  • Features data appendices and a glossary of terms
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About this book

In the early 1990s, major electoral reforms took place in both Italy and Japan; each replaced a form of “proportional representation” (in which voters cast a ballot for a party list) with a “mixed member” system (in which voters cast ballots for individual candidates and party lists). The reforms were enacted by political elites in the context of divisions within the dominant party, changing patterns of party support, and party splits, in efforts to retain power while responding to charges of corruption, clientelism, and lack of accountability. The experiences of both countries provide a laboratory in which to investigate the effects and implications of the reforms, and, more broadly to analyze voter behavior in the context of institutional change. The introduction provides an overview of post-WWII politics and electoral reform in Italy and Japan. In each of the subsequent four chapters, specialists in Italian and Japanese electoral politics are teamed up to review data both before and after the reforms. Within this comparative framework, the authors explore such topics as changes in party competition, candidate selection mechanisms, and intra-party politics. The concluding chapter considers the longer-term consequences—both anticipated and unanticipated—of the reforms. Despite superficially similar conditions, the effects in the two countries were dramatically different: in Japan, the new system has taken hold, with minor modifications, while in Italy, there was a reversion to a proportional representation system. As the essays in this volume demonstrate, to understand why similar reforms had such different effects in the two countries we must examine how electoral systems are embedded in broader institutional and social arrangements, and consider the complex interplay of political geography, political history, and the rational calculations of political actors.

Reviews

From the reviews:

“This edited book … examines the effects of electoral reform by comparing the case of two countries—Japan and Italy—to gain a better understanding of how the choice of electoral rules affects political outcomes. The electoral reforms in Japan and Italy indeed provide excellent cases for studying the effects of electoral systems … . this book is highly recommended, not only for specialists of Japanese and Italian politics but also for scholars and students working on elections and electoral systems, broadly speaking.” (Yoshikuni Ono, Social Science Japan Journal, Vol. 16 (1), January, 2013)


Table of contents (6 chapters)

  • Introduction: Long-Run Consequences of Electoral Rules Change: Comparing Italy and Japan

    Grofman, Bernard (et al.)

    Pages 1-12

  • Party Competition Under New Electoral Rules in Italy and Japan, 1994–2009

    Virgilio, Aldo (et al.)

    Pages 13-33

  • The Changing Bases of Party Support in Italy and Japan: Similarities and Differences

    Giannetti, Daniela (et al.)

    Pages 35-59

  • Nominating Candidates Under New Rules in Italy and Japan: You Cannot Bargain with Resources You Do Not Have

    Virgilio, Aldo (et al.)

    Pages 61-75

  • Electoral Reform and Factional Politics in Italy and Japan

    Giannetti, Daniela (et al.)

    Pages 77-96

Buy this book

eBook $149.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-1-4419-7228-6
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $199.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-1-4419-7227-9
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $199.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-1-4614-2771-1
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
A Natural Experiment on Electoral Law Reform
Book Subtitle
Evaluating the Long Run Consequences of 1990s Electoral Reform in Italy and Japan
Editors
  • Daniela Giannetti
  • Bernard Grofman
Series Title
Studies in Public Choice
Series Volume
24
Copyright
2011
Publisher
Springer-Verlag New York
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
eBook ISBN
978-1-4419-7228-6
DOI
10.1007/978-1-4419-7228-6
Hardcover ISBN
978-1-4419-7227-9
Softcover ISBN
978-1-4614-2771-1
Series ISSN
0924-4700
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
X, 162
Topics