Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science

The Unity of Science in the Arabic Tradition

Science, Logic, Epistemology and their Interactions

Editors: Rahman, Shahid, Street, Tony, Tahiri, Hassan (Eds.)

  • Reflects the multi-dimensional nature of the interplay between logic, science, philosophy and language in the Arabic tradition
  • Contains contributions from the world’s leading scholars and historians of science and philosophy
  • Covers a wide range of topics including philosophy of mathematics, epistemology, the emergence of algebra, scientific controversies on the foundation of astronomy, rhetoric, tropos, modal logic and epistemic logic
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About this book

the demise of the logical positivism programme. The answers given to these qu- tions have deepened the already existing gap between philosophy and the history and practice of science. While the positivists argued for a spontaneous, steady and continuous growth of scientific knowledge the post-positivists make a strong case for a fundamental discontinuity in the development of science which can only be explained by extrascientific factors. The political, social and cultural environment, the argument goes on, determine both the questions and the terms in which they should be answered. Accordingly, the sociological and historical interpretation - volves in fact two kinds of discontinuity which are closely related: the discontinuity of science as such and the discontinuity of the more inclusive political and social context of its development. More precisely it explains the discontinuity of the former by the discontinuity of the latter subordinating in effect the history of science to the wider political and social history. The underlying idea is that each historical and - cial context generates scientific and philosophical questions of its own. From this point of view the question surrounding the nature of knowledge and its development are entirely new topics typical of the twentieth-century social context reflecting both the level and the scale of the development of science.

Reviews

From the reviews:

“This volume is full of such thought-provoking nuggets, and it will certainly make an enjoyable reading to philosophers, historians of philosophy, philosophers of science, historians of Islamic/Arabic culture, grammarians, belletrists, and certainly practicing scientists who wish to take a deep breath, away from their exhausting work at their laboratories, and stop to think of what they were doing.” (George Saliba, Metascience, Vol. 21, 2012)

"This is an impressive contribution both to the history of science and to the history of philosophy... Even for those who are not working in the history of science or philosophy the book is immensely appealing. Just to give an example, I was struck by the link between lemmata and middle terms . I will start by studying the chapter on Self-awareness and knowing that one knows and move next to Avicenna's naturalized epistemology. The whole book is relevant to contemporary philosophical issues. The account of the notion of "tropos" is a case in point." Paul Gochet, Pôle de Logique, Université de Liege, Belgium


Table of contents (13 chapters)

  • Introduction: The Major Breakthrough in Scientific Pratice

    Rahman, Shahid (et al.)

    Pages 1-40

  • Ibn Sī:nā’s Philosophy of Mathematics

    Ardeshir, Mohammad

    Pages 43-61

  • Avicenna on Self-Awareness and Knowing that One Knows

    Black, D.L.

    Pages 63-87

  • A Conceptual Analysis of Early Arabic Algebra

    Heeffer, Albrecht

    Pages 89-128

  • Avicenna’s Naturalized Epistemology and Scientific Method*

    McGinnis, Jon

    Pages 129-152

Buy this book

eBook $309.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-1-4020-8405-8
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $399.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-1-4020-8404-1
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $399.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-90-481-7870-4
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
The Unity of Science in the Arabic Tradition
Book Subtitle
Science, Logic, Epistemology and their Interactions
Editors
  • Shahid Rahman
  • Tony Street
  • Hassan Tahiri
Series Title
Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science
Series Volume
11
Copyright
2008
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
eBook ISBN
978-1-4020-8405-8
DOI
10.1007/978-1-4020-8405-8
Hardcover ISBN
978-1-4020-8404-1
Softcover ISBN
978-90-481-7870-4
Series ISSN
2214-9775
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XIII, 390
Topics