Sociology of the Sciences Yearbook

Instrumentation Between Science, State and Industry

Editors: Joerges, B., Shinn, T. (Eds.)

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About this book

these. In this book, we appropriate their conception of research-technology, and ex­ tend it to many other phenomena which are less stable and less localized in time and space than the Zeeman/Cotton situation. In the following pages, we use the concept for instances where research activities are orientated primarily toward technologies which facilitate both the production of scientific knowledge and the production of other goods. In particular, we use the tenn for instances where instruments and meth­ ods· traverse numerous geographic and institutional boundaries; that is, fields dis­ tinctly different and distant from the instruments' and methods' initial focus. We suggest that instruments such as the ultra-centrifuge, and the trajectories of the men who devise such artefacts, diverge in an interesting way from other fonns of artefacts and careers in science, metrology and engineering with which students of science and technology are more familiar. The instrument systems developed by re­ search-technologists strike us as especially general, open-ended, and flexible. When tailored effectively, research-technology instruments potentially fit into many niches and serve a host of unrelated applications. Their multi-functional character distin­ guishes them from many other devices which are designed to address specific, nar­ rowly defined problems in a circumscribed arena in and outside of science. Research­ technology activities link universities, industry, public and private research or me­ trology establishments, instrument-making finns, consulting companies, the military, and metrological agencies. Research-technology practitioners do not follow the career path of the traditional academic or engineering professional.

Table of contents (12 chapters)

  • A Fresh Look at Instrumentation an Introduction

    Joerges, Bernward (et al.)

    Pages 1-13

  • From Theodolite to Spectral Apparatus: Joseph von Fraunhofer and the Invention of a German Optical Research-Technology

    Jackson, Myles W.

    Pages 17-28

  • The Research-Technology Matrix: German Origins, 1860–1900

    Shinn, Terry

    Pages 29-48

  • Displacing Radioactivity

    Roqué, Xavier

    Pages 51-68

  • Strange Cooperations The U.S. Research-Technology Perspective, 1900–1955

    Shinn, Terry

    Pages 69-95

Buy this book

eBook $54.99
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-94-010-9032-2
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $69.99
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-1-4020-0242-7
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Instrumentation Between Science, State and Industry
Editors
  • B. Joerges
  • T. Shinn
Series Title
Sociology of the Sciences Yearbook
Series Volume
22
Copyright
2001
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
Kluwer Academic Publishers
eBook ISBN
978-94-010-9032-2
DOI
10.1007/978-94-010-9032-2
Softcover ISBN
978-1-4020-0242-7
Series ISSN
0167-2320
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
X, 272
Number of Illustrations and Tables
5 b/w illustrations
Topics