Developments in Environmental Biology of Fishes

The biology of hypogean fishes

Editors: Aldemaro, Romero (Ed.)

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About this book

Hypogean (cave, artesian) fishes have fascinated researchers even before they were described in the scientific literature in 1842. Since then, a number of scientists have used them to justify their own evolutionary ideas, from neo-Lamarckism to neo-Darwinism, from neutral evolution to selectionist approaches. Research in recent years has shown that these fishes are much more complex in their adaptations to the subterranean environment than previously believed: there are those with features expected from living in total darkness (complete blindness and depigmentation) and poor in nutrients (extremely low metabolic rates); others differ very little, if any, from their epigean (surface) ancestors in their morphology and physiology (but not so in their behavior). Some of them even live in nutrient-rich environments. Actually, one of the most overlooked facets of these animals is that there are more species of hypogean fishes without troglomorphisms (blindness, depigmentation) than with troglomorphic ones. The study of these apparently `unadapted' fishes is providing new insights into our understanding of the evolution of phenotypic characters, founding effect, behavioral, and physiological adaptations. The 86 species of troglomorphic fishes described so far belong to 18 different families, many of which would hardly fit the notion that they were 'preadapted' to conquer the underground environment. Further, many troglomorphic `species' show very little genotypic differentiation when compared with their putative ancestors, indicating that massive phenotype changes can be achieved via little genetic reorganization, a reorganization that mostly affects regulatory genes. These and many other topics are discussed in this volume containing 29 papers, written by 41 authors from 9 countries. Hopefully, this volume will convince many other researchers that hypogean fishes represent a unique opportunity to study a concept in evolutionary biology that is only superficially understood: convergent evolution.

Table of contents (28 chapters)

  • An introduction to the special volume on the biology of hypogean fishes

    Romero, Aldemaro

    Pages 7-12

  • It’s a wonderful hypogean life: a guide to the troglomorphic fishes of the world

    Romero, Aldemaro (et al.)

    Pages 13-41

  • Scientists prefer them blind: the history of hypogean fish research

    Romero, Aldemaro

    Pages 43-71

  • Nontroglobitic fishes in Bruffey-Hills Creek Cave, West Virginia, and other caves worldwide

    Poly, William J.

    Pages 73-83

  • The mechanosensory lateral line system of the hypogean form of Astyanax fasciatus

    Montgomery, John C. (et al.)

    Pages 87-96

Buy this book

eBook $249.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-94-015-9795-1
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $319.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-1-4020-0076-8
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $319.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-90-481-5848-5
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
The biology of hypogean fishes
Editors
  • Romero Aldemaro
Series Title
Developments in Environmental Biology of Fishes
Series Volume
21
Copyright
2001
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
eBook ISBN
978-94-015-9795-1
DOI
10.1007/978-94-015-9795-1
Hardcover ISBN
978-1-4020-0076-8
Softcover ISBN
978-90-481-5848-5
Series ISSN
0924-5316
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
376
Number of Illustrations and Tables
83 b/w illustrations, 2 illustrations in colour
Topics