Topics in Environmental Fluid Mechanics

Diffusion in Natural Porous Media

Contaminant Transport, Sorption/Desorption and Dissolution Kinetics

Authors: Grathwohl, Peter

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About this book

Diffusion in Natural Porous Media: Contaminant Transport, Sorption/Desorption and Dissolution Kinetics introduces the general principles of diffusion in the subsurface environment and discusses the implications for the fate and transport of contaminants in soils and groundwater. Emphasis is placed on sorption/desorption and the dissolution kinetics of organic contaminants, both of which are limited by the slow speed of molecular diffusion.
Diffusion in Natural Porous Media: Contaminant Transport, Sorption/Desorption and Dissolution Kinetics compiles methods for calculating the diffusion coefficients of organic compounds (in aqueous solution or vapor phase) in natural porous media. The author uses analytical solutions of Fick's 2nd law and some simple numerical models to model diffusive transport under various initial and boundary conditions. A number of these models may be solved using spreadsheets.
The book examines sorption/desorption rates of organic compounds in various soils and aquifer materials, and also examines the dissolution kinetics of nonaqueous phase liquids in aquifers, in both the trapped residual phase and in pools.
Diffusion in Natural Porous Media: Contaminant Transport, Sorption/Desorption and Dissolution Kinetics concludes with a discussion of the impact of slow diffusion processes on soil and groundwater decontamination and the implications of these processes for groundwater risk assessment.

Reviews

`... this book forms a very useful reference for data on diffusion parameters and also on methdology for quantifying contaminant transport related to diffusional processes.'
Episodes, 22:4 (1999)

Table of contents (6 chapters)

  • Introduction

    Grathwohl, Peter

    Pages 1-14

  • Basics of Sorption and Diffusion in Soils and Sediments

    Grathwohl, Peter

    Pages 15-41

  • Modelling of Diffusion Processes

    Grathwohl, Peter

    Pages 43-81

  • Measured Diffusion Coefficients

    Grathwohl, Peter

    Pages 83-127

  • Dissolution of Nonaqueous Phase Liquids

    Grathwohl, Peter

    Pages 129-146

Buy this book

eBook $149.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-1-4615-5683-1
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $199.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-0-7923-8102-0
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $199.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-1-4613-7602-6
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Diffusion in Natural Porous Media
Book Subtitle
Contaminant Transport, Sorption/Desorption and Dissolution Kinetics
Authors
Series Title
Topics in Environmental Fluid Mechanics
Series Volume
1
Copyright
1998
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media New York
eBook ISBN
978-1-4615-5683-1
DOI
10.1007/978-1-4615-5683-1
Hardcover ISBN
978-0-7923-8102-0
Softcover ISBN
978-1-4613-7602-6
Series ISSN
1387-6961
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XVI, 207
Topics