Current Plant Science and Biotechnology in Agriculture

Plant Genetic Resources of Legumes in the Mediterranean

Editors: Maxted, Nigel, Bennett, Sarita (Eds.)

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About this book

Genetic erosion, that is, the loss of native plant and genetic diversity has been exponential from the Mediterranean Basin through the Twentieth century. This careless eradication of species and genetic diversity as a result of human activities from a 'hot-spot' of diversity threatens sustainable agriculture and food security for the temperate regions of the world. Since the early 1900s there has been a largely ad hoc movement to halt the loss of plant diversity and enhance its utilisation. The Convention on Biological Diversity and Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations International Undertaking on Plant Genetic Resources, both highlight the need to improve conservation methodologies and enhance utilisation techniques. It has been argued that the most important component of biodiversity is the genetic diversity of crop and forage species used to feed humans and livestock. These cultivated and related wild species provides the raw material for further selection and improvement.
Leguminosae species are of major economic importance (peas, chickpeas, lentils and faba beans, as well as numerous forage species) and provide a particularly rich source of protein for human and animal foods. Their distribution is concentrated in the Mediterranean region and therefore the improvement of their conservation and use in the region is critical.
This text is designed to help ensure an adequate breadth of legume diversity is conserved and to help maximise the use of that conserved diversity. The subjects of conservation and use of legume diversity, the Mediterranean ecosystem and taxonomy of legumes are introduced. Generic reviews of the taxonomy, centre of diversity, ecogeographic distribution, genetic diversity distribution, conservation status, conservation gaps and future research needs are provided, along with a discussion of the importance of rhizobia to the maintenance of legume diversity. Current ex situ and in situ conservation activities as well current legume uses are reviewed. In conclusion future priorities for ex situ and in situ plant genetic conservation and use of Mediterranean legumes are highlighted. All contributors look forward rather than simply reviewing past and current activities and therefore it is hoped that the identification of genetic erosion, location of taxonomic and genetic diversity and promotion of more efficient utilisation of conserved material will be enhanced.

Table of contents (19 chapters)

  • Conservation, Diversity and Use of Mediterranean Legumes

    Maxted, Nigel (et al.)

    Pages 1-32

  • Ecogeographic Environment of the Mediterranean

    Bennett, Sarita Jane (et al.)

    Pages 33-50

  • Legume Diversity in the Mediterranean Region

    Maxted, Nigel (et al.)

    Pages 51-75

  • Clovers (Trifolium L.)

    Lamont, Emma-Jane (et al.)

    Pages 79-98

  • Medics (Medicago L.)

    Prosperi, Jean-Marie (et al.)

    Pages 99-114

Buy this book

eBook $229.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-94-015-9823-1
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $289.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-0-7923-6707-9
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $289.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-90-481-5613-9
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Plant Genetic Resources of Legumes in the Mediterranean
Editors
  • Nigel Maxted
  • Sarita Bennett
Series Title
Current Plant Science and Biotechnology in Agriculture
Series Volume
39
Copyright
2001
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
eBook ISBN
978-94-015-9823-1
DOI
10.1007/978-94-015-9823-1
Hardcover ISBN
978-0-7923-6707-9
Softcover ISBN
978-90-481-5613-9
Series ISSN
0924-1949
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XXIII, 380
Topics