Sociology of the Sciences Yearbook

Biology as Society, Society as Biology: Metaphors

Editors: Maasen, Sabine, Mendelsohn, E., Weingart, P. (Eds.)

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About this book

not lie in the conceptual distinctions but in the perceived functions of metaphors and whether in the concrete case they are judged positive or negative. The ongoing debates reflect these concerns quite clearly~ namely that metaphors are judged on the basis of supposed dangers they pose and opportunities they offer. These are the criteria of evaluation that are obviously dependent on the context in which the transfer of meaning occurs. Our fundamental concern is indeed the transfer itself~ its prospects and its limits. Looking at possible functions of metaphors is one approach to under­ standing and elucidating sentiments about them. The papers in this volume illustrate, by quite different examples, three basic functions of metaphors: illustrative, heuristic~ and constitutive. These functions rep­ resent different degrees of transfer of meaning. Metaphors are illustrative when they are used primarily as a literary device, to increase the power of conviction of an argument, for example. Although the difference between the illustrative and the heuristic function of metaphors is not great, it does exist: metaphors are used for heuristic purposes whenever "differences" of meaning are employed to open new perspectives and to gain new insights. In the case of "constitutive" metaphors they function to actually replace previous meanings by new ones. Sabine Maasen in her paper introduces the distinction between transfer and transforma­ tion.

Table of contents (14 chapters)

  • Metaphors: Is there a Bridge over Troubled Waters?

    Maasen, Sabine (et al.)

    Pages 1-8

  • Who is Afraid of Metaphors?

    Maasen, Sabine

    Pages 11-35

  • How Nature Became the Other: Anthropomorphism and Anthropocentrism in Early Modern Natural Philosophy

    Daston, Lorraine

    Pages 37-56

  • The Manifest and the Scientific

    Falk, Raphael

    Pages 57-79

  • The Nexus of Animal and Rational: Sociobiology, Language, and the Enlightenment Study of Apes

    Wokler, Robert

    Pages 81-103

Buy this book

eBook $109.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-94-011-0673-3
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $289.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-0-7923-3174-2
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $149.00
price for USA
valid through November 5, 2017
  • ISBN 978-1-4020-0251-9
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Biology as Society, Society as Biology: Metaphors
Editors
  • Sabine Maasen
  • E. Mendelsohn
  • P. Weingart
Series Title
Sociology of the Sciences Yearbook
Series Volume
18
Copyright
1995
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
Kluwer Academic Publishers
eBook ISBN
978-94-011-0673-3
DOI
10.1007/978-94-011-0673-3
Hardcover ISBN
978-0-7923-3174-2
Softcover ISBN
978-1-4020-0251-9
Series ISSN
0167-2320
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
VI, 356
Topics