Statistics for Biology and Health

The Evaluation of Surrogate Endpoints

Editors: Burzykowski, Tomasz, Molenberghs, Geert, Buyse, Marc (Eds.)

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About this book

Both humanitarian and commercial considerations have spurred intensive search for methods to reduce the time and cost required to develop new therapies. The identification and use of surrogate endpoints, i.e., measures that can replace or supplement other endpoints in evaluations of experimental treatments or other interventions, is a general strategy that has stimulated both enthusiasm and skepticism. Surrogate endpoints are useful when they can be measured earlier, more conveniently, or more frequently than the "true" endpoints of primary interest. Regulatory agencies around the globe, particularly in the United States, Europe, and Japan, are introducing provisions and policies relating to the use of surrogate endpoints in registration studies. But how can one establish the adequacy of a surrogate? What kind of evidence is needed, and what statistical methods portray that evidence most appropriately?

This book offers a balanced account on this controversial topic. The text presents major developments of the last couple of decades, together with a unified, meta-analytic framework within which surrogates can be evaluated from several angles. Methodological development is coupled with perspectives on various therapeutic areas. Academic views are juxtaposed with standpoints of scientists working in the biopharmaceutical industry as well as of colleagues from the regulatory authorities.

Tomasz Burzykowski is Assistant Professor of Biostatistics at the Limburgs Universitair Centrum in Belgium. Dr. Burzykowski has published methodological work on the analysis of survey data, meta-analyses of clinical trials, and validation of surrogate endpoints. He is a co-author of numerous papers applying statistical methods to clinical data in different disease areas (cancer, cardiovascular diseases, dermatology, orthodontics).

Geert Molenberghs is Professor of Biostatistics at the Limburgs Universitair Centrum in Belgium. Dr. Molenberghs published methodological work on surrogate markers in clinical trials, categorical data, longitudinal data analysis, and on the analysis of non-response in clinical and epidemiological studies. He serves as Joint Editor for Applied Statistics (2001-2004) and is President of the International Biometric Society (2004-2005). He was elected Fellow of the American Statistical Association and received the Guy Medal in Bronze from the Royal Statistical Society.

Marc Buyse founded the International Drug Development Institute in 1991. He is Past President of the International Society for Clinical Biostatistics, Past President of the Quetelet Society, and Past Board Member of the Society for Clinical Trials. He is currently the Executive Director of IDDI (International Drug Development Institute) and Associate Professor of biostatistics at the Limburgs Universitair Centrum, Center for Statistics, Diepenbeek, Belgium. He has published extensively in the fields of biostatistics and oncology. His research interests include meta-analysis, surrogate endpoints, statistical detection of fraud, and the design and statistical analysis of clinical trials.

Reviews

From the reviews:

"A strength of this book is its comprehensive and up-to-date presentation of issues pertinent to the evaluation of surrgoate endpoints...This book makes an important contribution to the clinical trials literature..." Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics, 2006

"Many of the chapters deal with real-life data examples and studies involving surrogate outcomes, many written by authors who were directly involved in these studies...The editors have written nice background sections...until a more concise manuscript on this topic is written, this book will remain the most important resource for biostatisticians and researchers in this area." Debajyoti Sinha for the Journal of the American Statistical Association, December 2006

"This book is a reflection of the ongoing debate on the definition and use of surrogate markers...I see the book as an invitation to join the debate. There is much work to be done and reading the book might inspire many to participate. It will be useful for researchers in this and related fields, such as joint modeling of longitudinal and survival data and multivariate meta-analysis. The book is well organized, is a pleasure to read, and is very well documented with up-to-date references." Hans C. Van Houwelingen for Bioometrics, September 2006

"This edited volume deals with a topic that has been the subject of much debate since publication of Prentice’s 1989 attempt to formalize the definition of a surrogate marker or endpoint. … This work focuses on evaluation of a surrogate endpoint. … an attempt has been made to maintain common notations whenever possible. The editors have succeeded in producing a very useful book." (V. T. Farewell, Short Book Reviews, Vol. 25 (2), 2005)

"I enjoyed readhing the book and I certainly learned a lot about these fascinating areas. The book is suitable as a textbook for a postgraduate course in statistics but is also an invaluable reference for the applied statisticians working in industry, academia, or regulatory authority."  (ISCB News Book Reviews, 2008)


Table of contents (2 chapters)

  • Bayesian Evaluation of Surrogate Endpoints

    Ziv Shkedy, Franz Torres Barbosa

    Pages 253-270

  • The Evaluation of Surrogate Endpoints in Practice: Experience in HIV

    Michael D. Hughes

    Pages 295-321

Buy this book

eBook $149.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-0-387-27080-7
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $189.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-0-387-20277-8
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $189.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-1-4419-1906-9
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
The Evaluation of Surrogate Endpoints
Editors
  • Tomasz Burzykowski
  • Geert Molenberghs
  • Marc Buyse
Series Title
Statistics for Biology and Health
Copyright
2005
Publisher
Springer-Verlag New York
Copyright Holder
Springer-Verlag New York
eBook ISBN
978-0-387-27080-7
DOI
10.1007/b138566
Hardcover ISBN
978-0-387-20277-8
Softcover ISBN
978-1-4419-1906-9
Series ISSN
1431-8776
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XXIV, 410
Topics