Model-Based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery

Editors: Magnani, L., Nersessian, Nancy, Thagard, Paul (Eds.)

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About this book

The volume is based on the papers that were presented at the Interna­ tional Conference Model-Based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery (MBR'98), held at the Collegio Ghislieri, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy, in December 1998. The papers explore how scientific thinking uses models and explanatory reasoning to produce creative changes in theories and concepts. The study of diagnostic, visual, spatial, analogical, and temporal rea­ soning has demonstrated that there are many ways of performing intelligent and creative reasoning that cannot be described with the help only of tradi­ tional notions of reasoning such as classical logic. Traditional accounts of scientific reasoning have restricted the notion of reasoning primarily to de­ ductive and inductive arguments. Understanding the contribution of model­ ing practices to discovery and conceptual change in science requires ex­ panding scientific reasoning to include complex forms of creative reasoning that are not always successful and can lead to incorrect solutions. The study of these heuristic ways of reasoning is situated at the crossroads of philoso­ phy, artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, and logic; that is, at the heart of cognitive science. There are several key ingredients common to the various forms of model­ based reasoning to be considered in this book. The models are intended as in­ terpretations of target physical systems, processes, phenomena, or situations. The models are retrieved or constructed on the basis of potentially satisfying salient constraints of the target domain.

Table of contents (19 chapters)

  • Model-Based Reasoning in Conceptual Change

    Nersessian, Nancy J.

    Pages 5-22

  • Tracing the Development of Models in the Philosophy of Science

    Bailer-Jones, Daniela M.

    Pages 23-40

  • Using Models to Represent Reality

    Giere, Ronald N.

    Pages 41-57

  • Models and Diagrams within the Cognitive Field

    Knoespel, Kenneth J.

    Pages 59-73

  • Theories,Models,and Representations

    Suárez, Mauricio

    Pages 75-83

Buy this book

eBook $309.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-1-4615-4813-3
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $399.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-0-306-46292-4
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $399.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-1-4613-7181-6
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Model-Based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery
Editors
  • L. Magnani
  • Nancy Nersessian
  • Paul Thagard
Copyright
1999
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media New York
eBook ISBN
978-1-4615-4813-3
DOI
10.1007/978-1-4615-4813-3
Hardcover ISBN
978-0-306-46292-4
Softcover ISBN
978-1-4613-7181-6
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XI, 343
Topics