Fundamental and Applied Catalysis

Dynamic Processes on Solid Surfaces

Editors: Tamaru, Kenzi (Ed.)

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About this book

When we see a jumbo jet at the airport, we sometimes wonder how such a huge, heavy plane can fly high in the sky. To the extent that we think in a static way, it is certainly not understandable. In such a manner, dynamics yields behavior quite different from statics. When we want to prepare an iron nitride, for example, one of the most orthodox ways is to put iron in a nitrogen atmosphere under pressures higher than the dissociation pressure of the iron nitride at temperatures sufficiently high to let the nitrogen penetrate into the bulk iron. This is the way thermodynamics tells us to proceed, which requires an elaborate, expensive high-pressure apparatus, sophisticated techniques, and great efforts. However, if we flow ammonia over the iron, even under low pressures, we can easily prepare the nitride-provided the hydrogen pressure is sufficiently low. Since the nitrogen desorption rate is the determining step of the ammonia decomposition on the iron surface, the virtual pressure of nitrogen at the surface can reach an extremely high level (as is generally accepted) because, in such a dynamic system, the driving force of the ammonia decomposition reaction pushes the nitrogen into the bulk iron to form the nitride. Thus, dynamics is an approach considerably different from statics.

Table of contents (12 chapters)

  • Theory of Atomic and Electronic Structure of Surfaces

    Yoshimori, Akio

    Pages 1-27

  • Theory of Dynamical Processes of Surfaces

    Tsukada, Masaru

    Pages 29-58

  • Real-Time Monitoring of Surface Processes by a Novel Form of Low-Energy Ion Scattering

    Aono, Masakazu (et al.)

    Pages 59-67

  • In Situ Observation of Surface Processes by High-Resolution UHV Electron Microscopy

    Takayanagi, Kunio (et al.)

    Pages 69-89

  • Catalysis by Structurally Designed Surfaces

    Iwasawa, Yasuhiro

    Pages 91-113

Buy this book

eBook $189.00
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-1-4899-1636-5
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $249.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-0-306-44268-1
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $249.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-1-4899-1638-9
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Dynamic Processes on Solid Surfaces
Editors
  • Kenzi Tamaru
Series Title
Fundamental and Applied Catalysis
Copyright
1993
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media New York
eBook ISBN
978-1-4899-1636-5
DOI
10.1007/978-1-4899-1636-5
Hardcover ISBN
978-0-306-44268-1
Softcover ISBN
978-1-4899-1638-9
Series ISSN
1574-0447
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XV, 357
Topics