Logo - springer
Slogan - springer

Statistics - Social Sciences & Law | Person-Centered Methods - Configural Frequency Analysis (CFA) and Other Methods for the Analysis

Person-Centered Methods

Configural Frequency Analysis (CFA) and Other Methods for the Analysis of Contingency Tables

Stemmler, Mark

2014, VIII, 88 p. 18 illus., 2 illus. in color.

Available Formats:

Springer eBooks may be purchased by end-customers only and are sold without copy protection (DRM free). Instead, all eBooks include personalized watermarks. This means you can read the Springer eBooks across numerous devices such as Laptops, eReaders, and tablets.

You can pay for Springer eBooks with Visa, Mastercard, American Express or Paypal.

After the purchase you can directly download the eBook file or read it online in our Springer eBook Reader. Furthermore your eBook will be stored in your MySpringer account. So you can always re-download your eBooks.


(net) price for USA

ISBN 978-3-319-05536-7

digitally watermarked, no DRM

Included Format: PDF and EPUB

download immediately after purchase

learn more about Springer eBooks

add to marked items


Softcover (also known as softback) version.

You can pay for Springer Books with Visa, Mastercard, American Express or Paypal.

Standard shipping is free of charge for individual customers.


(net) price for USA

ISBN 978-3-319-05535-0

free shipping for individuals worldwide

usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days

add to marked items

  • Teaches statistical methods in an approachable format for scholars in the Social Sciences
  • Includes software demonstrations with open source software package R that is available through CRAN
  • Uses a different approach than standard statistics (person- instead of variable-centered approach)

This book takes an easy-to-understand look at the statistical approach called the person-centered method. Instead of analyzing means, variances and covariances of scale scores as in the common variable-centered approach, the person-centered approach analyzes persons or objects grouped according to their characteristic patterns or configurations in contingency tables. The main focus of the book will be on Configural Frequency Analysis (CFA; Lienert and Krauth, 1975) which is a statistical method that looks for over and under-frequented cells or patterns. Over frequented means that the observations in this cell or configuration are observed more often than expected, under-frequented means that this cell or configuration is observed less often than expected. In CFA a pattern or configuration that contains more observed cases than expected is called a type; similarly, a pattern or configuration that is less observed than expected are called an antitype. CFA is similar to log-linear modeling. In log-linear modeling the goal is to come up with a fitting model including all important variables. Instead of fitting a model, CFA looks at the significant residuals of a log-linear model.

The book describes the use of an R-package called confreq (derived from Configural Frequency Analysis). The use of the software package is described and demonstrated with data examples.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Analysis of multivariate cross-classifications - Categorical data analysis - Contingency tables - Data analysis - Person-centered methods - Statistics for small samples

Related subjects » Social Sciences & Law - Statistical Theory and Methods - Statistics

Table of contents 

Introducing Person-Centered Methods.- CFA Software.- Significance Testing in CFA.- CFA and Log-Linear Modeling.- Longitudinal CFA.- Other Person-Centered Methods Serving as Complimentary Tools to CFA.- CFA and its derivatives.- Glossary.- Index.

Popular Content within this publication 



Read this Book on Springerlink

Services for this book

New Book Alert

Get alerted on new Springer publications in the subject area of Statistics for Social Science, Behavorial Science, Education, Public Policy, and Law.