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Virtually no research is targeted at developing medicines for tropical diseases as the expected market returns from R&D into these diseases in the private pharmaceuticals sector are too low. Frank Müller-Langer addresses the market failure with respect to R&D for medicines for tropical diseases and the lack of short-term access to affordable medicines in poor countries. The author analyzes additional push and pull mechanisms to stimulate R&D for pharmaceutical products alongside patent protection which may help mitigate the problem of those consumers in poor countries who lack access to affordable medicines. Furthermore, he reasons that a global regime of banning parallel trade from low-income countries to high-income countries is desirable from a developing country’s perspective.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »Forschung & Entwicklung - Forschung und Entwicklung - Innovation - Medicines - Patente - Patents - R&D
The TRIPS Agreement and Access to Patented Medicines; Economic Analysis of Patents ; Patent Protection in the Developing World; Legal und Economic Analysis of Parallel Imports; Solutions for the Problem of Underinvestment in R&D for Medicines for Neglected Infectious and Tropical Diseases