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Thorough overview and discussion of the interaction between demographic trends and international security
New insights into the impact of demographic change on strategic calculations
Systematic review of the demography-induced recruitment challenges of the German military
Military recruitment will become more difficult in times of demographic aging. The question arises whether demographic change will constrain the capacity of aging states like Germany to conduct foreign policy and pursue their national security interests. Since contemporary military operations still display a strong human element, particular scrutiny is given to the empirical analysis of the determinants of military propensity and military service among youth.
An additional human capital projection until 2030 illustrates how the decline in the youth population will interact with trends in educational attainment and adolescent health to further complicate military recruitment in the future. A concluding review of recruiting practices in other NATO countries provides insight in best-practice policy options to reduce the military’s sensitivity to demographic change.
Following this approach, the book gives prominence to a topic that has thus far been under-represented in the greater discussion of demographic change today, namely the demographic impact on international affairs and strategic calculations.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »Changes in population age structure - Constrain of military recruitment - Demographic variable in foreign policy - Demographic view on security - Ethnocultural diversity - Germany's military capacity - Human factors in the modern battlefield - Impact of demographic change in military recruitment - Increasing military manpower recruitment - Manpower demand of the Bundeswehr - Military environment - Military missions and roles - Military organization - Military propensity and military service - Military recruitment target population - Mortality and fertility - Selectivity of manpower demand and supply - Sensitivity to demographic change
Acknowledgements.- 1. Introduction.- 2. The Military Environment.- 3. A Demographic View on Security.- 4. The Selectivity of Manpower Demand and Supply.- 5. Determinants of Military Manpower Supply.- 6. The Military Recruitment Target Population.- 7. Demographic Change as a Strategic Constraint: Issues and Options.- Bibliography.