Logo - springer
Slogan - springer

Social Sciences - Population Studies | The Demographic Masculinization of China - Hoping for a Son

The Demographic Masculinization of China

Hoping for a Son

Series: INED Population Studies, Vol. 1

Attané, Isabelle

Original French edition published by INED

2013, XVIII, 198 p. 29 illus.

Available Formats:

Springer eBooks may be purchased by end-customers only and are sold without copy protection (DRM free). Instead, all eBooks include personalized watermarks. This means you can read the Springer eBooks across numerous devices such as Laptops, eReaders, and tablets.

You can pay for Springer eBooks with Visa, Mastercard, American Express or Paypal.

After the purchase you can directly download the eBook file or read it online in our Springer eBook Reader. Furthermore your eBook will be stored in your MySpringer account. So you can always re-download your eBooks.


(net) price for USA

ISBN 978-3-319-00236-1

digitally watermarked, no DRM

Included Format: PDF and EPUB

download immediately after purchase

learn more about Springer eBooks

add to marked items


Hardcover version

You can pay for Springer Books with Visa, Mastercard, American Express or Paypal.

Standard shipping is free of charge for individual customers.


(net) price for USA

ISBN 978-3-319-00235-4

free shipping for individuals worldwide

usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days

add to marked items

  • Addresses exhaustively the issue of demographic masculinisation in China
  • Takes account of the 2010 Chinese census data
  • Provides a comprehensive review of the situation of women in China's society​
This book describes the shortage of girls and women in present day China and focuses on two important features: the sex imbalance in childhood and youth, and the excess mortality of women at various stages of their life. The author analyzes the causes and the processes of a strong preference for sons, which generates discrimination toward females and results in a shortage of girls and women.   China’s higher proportion of men than women is a population characteristic that is shared by very few countries in the world. This demographic masculinity is unprecedented in the documented history of human populations, both in scale and its lasting impact on the numbers and the structure of the population.   Despite the economic boom of recent years, many families in China still consider girls to be less important than boys. Although Chinese women have become largely emancipated since the 1950s, they still do not have the same opportunities for social achievement as men, and Chinese society remains fundamentally rooted in highly gendered social and family roles. As a consequence, Chinese girl babies who have the misfortune to be born instead of a long-awaited son go by various names, such as Pandi (literally "awaiting a son"), Laidi ("a son will follow"), or Yehao ("she'll do too").   The book provides a comprehensive review of the situation of women in China’s society and shows that discrimination against girls and women is part of a system of norms and values that traditionally favours males.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Care for girls campaign - Demographic discrimination - Demographic masculation in China - Discrimination against girls in early childhood - Discrimination practices and factors in masculinization - Existence Chinese women under threat - Faster growing number of males - Gender studies - High death rate Chinese girl infants - Life-long inequality - Maternal mortality - Sex-selective abortion - Shortage of wives - The status of women in traditional Chinese society - Unbalanced sex ratio chinese population - Women and suicide - Women, feminism and femininity

Related subjects » Population Economics - Population Studies - Social Sciences - Social Sciences & Law

Table of contents 

Introduction.- Part one: Visible Demographic Discrimination: Chapter 1: Overview.- Chapter 2: Why are there more Boys than Girls?.- Chapter 3: A Geography of Discrimination.- Chapter 4: Discrimination against Girls in Early Childhood.- Chapter 5: Life-Long Inequality.- Appendices: Appendix 1: Maternal Mortality.- Appendix 2: Women and Suicide.- Appendix 3: Female-to-male ratio of Probabilities of Dying in Different Age Groups at a Given Level of Male Life Expectancy at Birth in Various Countries.- Chapter 6: A Phenomenon not Unique in China.- Part Two: A System of Norms and Values that Favours Males​.- Chapter 7: The Status of Women in Traditional Chinese Societies.- Chapter 8: Women, Feminism and Femininity.- Appendix: Five Pilot Implementations of the "Care for Girls" Campaign.- Chapter 9: Persistent Social and Economic Disparities.- Chapter 10: Discriminatory Practices and Factors in Masculinization.- Chapter 11: Familial and Socioeconomic Reasons behind Discrimination.- Conclusion: What Demographic Perspectives for China and the World?.- References.

Popular Content within this publication 



Read this Book on Springerlink

Services for this book

New Book Alert

Get alerted on new Springer publications in the subject area of Demography.