This two-volume work presents social cohesion and demographic challenges that are associated with low birth rates and population ageing. It does so from the perspective of citizens and key policy actors. The work analyses peoples’ attitudes about demographic trends and expectations towards private networks and public policies. It places these in the societal context of national specificities in the fourteen countries and regards them as part of the dynamics of the European integration process.
Volume 2 focuses on research findings related to general knowledge of people concerning demographic developments, gender issues, and ageing. In addition, it presents the results of a Delphi-Study on the views of key policy actors in the area of demographic developments. The volume concludes with policy implications of the findings, and a reflected overview of all results collected in the two volumes of this work.
This book is the outcome of the DIALOG research project, funded by the European Commission under the 5th Framework Programme.
1. Demographic Trends, population related policies and general attitudes,- 1.1. Demographic change and family policy regimes Osmo Kontula / Ismo Soederling,- 1.2. Demographic knowledge and evaluation of demographic trends Jürgen Dorbritz,- 1.3. Who should take care for them? Expectations placed on the welfare state and its influence on attitudes towards care for the elderly Ralf Mai / Robert Naderi / Peter Schiman,-
2. Changing attitudes on population policies? A comparison between the first and second rounds of the PPAS Jürgen Dorbritz,-
3. Comparative Delphi-Study,- 3.1. 2030: Another Europe? Results from the policy-Delphi study Rossella Palomba / Pierre Dell'Anno,- 3.2. Action programs of socio-political actors. A cross-national comparision, taking account of contextual factors and opinion of the populace Alfred Bertschinger,- 3.3. Making dialogue possible: The view of Delphi panellists and citizens on female employment Adele Menneti / Maura Misiti,-
4. Gender roles,- 4.1. Family-related gender attitudes. The three dimensions: 'gender-role ideology' , 'consequences for the family' , and ' economic consuquences' Dimiter Philipov,- 4.4. Gender and Fertility - Attitudes towards gender roles and fertility behaviour Kerstin Ruckdeschel,-
5. International Solidarity and Elderly,- 5.1. Attitudes towards population ageing and older people Ronald Schoenmaeckers / Lieve Vanderleyden / Lucie Vidovicova / Marc Callens,- 5.2. Activating older workers: policies versus opinions and expectations Janina Jozwiak / Irena E. Kotowska / Anita Abramowska,- 5.3. Only fools rush in? On transition to retirement Beatrice Manea / Ladislac Rabusic / Lucie Vidovicova,-
6. Policy Implications and Conclusions,- 6.1. The Need to adapt and reform social policy: setting the stage for effective population-friendly policies Dragana Avramov / Robert Cliquet,- 6.2. Conclusions Charlotte Höhn,-
Annex: PPAS-Questionnaire(s), CD-Rom