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One of the most important demographic issues of our time is the increasing age of women at motherhood. This happens in the northern social democratic states Sweden and Norway, in the catholic countries Italy, Spain and Ireland, in the West European countries Netherlands and Germany, in the former socialist transition countries Czech Republic and East Germany, and in the liberal democracy of the United States. The postponement of maternity and the related issue of declining fertility rates are important to policy makers and have provoked much scientific research.
This book examines various economic aspects of the role of women’s education in the postponement of maternity in these ten industrialized countries. Each chapter investigates one of these countries using individual or household survey data relating the increasing age at motherhood with the investment in education of the mother. In search of socio-economic explanations for this relationship each chapter investigates a related research question.
Coverage extends to a wide range of topics on the economics of fertility decisions, such as career planning motives of women, consumption
Preface.- About the editors.- About the authors.- 1. Introduction and Contributions of this Volume, Siv Gustafsson.- 2. Fertility Decisions: Economic Theory, Empirical Analysis and Policy Relevance, Siv Gustafsson and Adriaan Kalwij.- 3. The Marginal Effect of School Leaving Age on Demographic Events. A Contribution to the Discussion on Causality, Vegard Skirbekk, Hans Peter Kohler and Alexia Prskawetz.- 4. Explaining the Fertility Decline in Ireland, Cathal O’Donoghue and Eamon O’Shea.- 5. Female Labour Force Participation and Marital Fertility in Italy, Massimiliano Bratti.- 6. Career planning in Spain: do fixed-term contracts delay marriage and parenthood? Sara de la Rica and Amaia Iza.- 7. The Family Earnings Gap and Postponement of Maternity in the United States, Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes and Jean Kimmel.- 8. Household Consumption, Saving and Employment Around the Time of Births in The Netherlands, Adriaan Kalwij.- 9. Family Formation in East and West Germany Before and After Unification, Michaela Kreyenfeld.- 10. Education and Entry into Motherhood in the Czech Republic During State-Socialism and the Transition Period 1970-1997, Vladimíra Kantorová.- 11. Assortative Mating by Education and Postponement of Couple Formation and First Birth in Britain and Sweden, Siv Gustafsson and Seble Worku.- 12. Education and Completed Fertility in Norway, Ghazala Naz, Øivind Anti Nilsen and Steinar Vagstad.- Index.