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Social Sciences - Criminology & Criminal Justice | Computer Applications for Handling Legal Evidence, Police Investigation and Case Argumentation

Computer Applications for Handling Legal Evidence, Police Investigation and Case Argumentation

Nissan, Ephraim

2012, LXXXVIII, 1340 p. 580 illus., 135 illus. in color. In 2 volumes, not available separately.

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  • First book-length treatment of how artificial intelligence has been applied to the modelling of reasoning about legal evidence
  • Presents the first overview of its kind, providing insights into computer techniques and tools for handling legal evidence
  • Offers a panoramic view of topics, techniques and tools
  • Clarifies the broader context

This book provides an overview of computer techniques and tools — especially from artificial intelligence (AI) — for handling legal evidence, police intelligence, crime analysis or detection, and forensic testing, with a sustained discussion of methods for the modelling of reasoning and forming an opinion about the evidence, methods for the modelling of argumentation, and computational approaches to dealing with legal, or any, narratives. By the 2000s, the modelling of reasoning on legal evidence has emerged as a significant area within the well-established field of AI & Law. An overview such as this one has never been attempted before. It offers a panoramic view of topics, techniques and tools. It is more than a survey, as topic after topic, the reader can get a closer view of approaches and techniques.

One aim is to introduce practitioners of AI to the modelling legal evidence. Another aim is to introduce legal professionals, as well as the more technically oriented among law enforcement professionals, or researchers in police science, to information technology resources from which their own respective field stands to benefit. Computer scientists must not blunder into design choices resulting in tools objectionable for legal professionals, so it is important to be aware of ongoing controversies. A survey is provided of argumentation tools or methods for reasoning about the evidence. Another class of tools considered here is intended to assist in organisational aspects of managing of the evidence.

Moreover, tools appropriate for crime detection, intelligence, and investigation include tools based on link analysis and data mining. Concepts and techniques are introduced, along with case studies. So are areas in the forensic sciences. Special chapters are devoted to VIRTOPSY (a procedure for legal medicine) and FLINTS (a tool for the police). This is both an introductory book (possibly a textbook), and a reference for specialists from various quarters.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Analitic Tools - Applications of Computing - Argumentation - Argumentation Methods - Argumentation Tools - Artificial Intelligence & Law - Cadaver Dogs - Computer Forensics - Computer Techniques - Crime Analysis - Crime Detection - Criminal Investigation - Criminal Trials - DNA - Environmental Forensics - Evidence - Evidentiary Value - Exoneration - Face Processing - Facial Reconstruction - Fingerprints - Forensic Archeaology - Forensic Disciplines - Forensic Engineering - Forensic Geology - Forensic Palynology - Forensic Science - Forensic Testing - Gas Soil Surveying - Historical Perspective - Identification Methods - Juridic Culture - Law Enforcement - Legal Evidence - Legal Narratives - Legal Professionals - Litigation - Modelling of Reasoning on Legal Evidence - Narrow Evidence Domains - Odorology - Police Intelligence - Polygraph Tests - Prosecution - Questioned Documents Evidence - Reasoning - Reasoning of Jurors - Scent Detection - Self-Incriminating Confessions - Training Police Officers - Wigmore Chart

Related subjects » Artificial Intelligence - Computer Science - Criminology & Criminal Justice - Information Systems and Applications

Table of contents 

Abstract.- Preface (by John Zeleznikow).- Foreword.- Acknowledgement.- Dedication.- Call for Information.- 1.  A Preliminary Historical Perspective.- 2.  Models of Forming an Opinion.- 3.  Argumentation.- 4.  Computer Assistance for, or Insights into, Organisational Aspects.- 5.  The Narrative Dimension.- 6.  Accounting for Social, Spatial, and Textual Interconnections.- Link Analysis and Data Mining for Criminal Investigation.- 7.  FLINTS, a Tool for Police Investigation and Intelligence Analysis; Richard Leary.- 8.  The Forensic Disciplines: Some Areas of Actual or Potential Application.- 9.   Virtopsy: The Virtual Autopsy; Lars C. Ebert, Thomas Ruder, David Zimmermann, Stefan Zuber, Ursula Buck, Antoine Roggo, Michael Thali, Gary Hatch.- 10.  Concluding Remarks.- Glossary.- Cited  References.- index.

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