At the beginning of the 21st century organised crime has become a ‘hot’ topic in public debate and on political agendas throughout Europe.
This volume represents the first attempt to systematically compare organised crime concepts, as well as historical and contemporary patterns and control policies in thirteen European countries. These include seven ‘old’ EU Member States (Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Spain and the United Kingdom), two ‘new’ members (the Czech Republic and Poland), a candidate country (Turkey), and three non-EU countries (Albania, Russia and Switzerland).
Based on a standardised research protocol, thirty-three experts from different legal and social disciplines provide insight through detailed country reports. On this basis, the editors compare organised crime patterns and policies in Europe and assess EU initiatives against organised crime.
The book’s informed analyses and unprejudiced assessments make this volume an indispensable resource for those interested in understanding the complex phenomenon of organised crime and its related control policies in E
Table of Contents Preface, Letizia Paoli and Cyrille Fijnaut General Introduction, Letizia Paoli and Cyrille Fijnaut Part I: The History Of Organised Crime Introduction to Part I: The History of the Concept, Letizia Paoli and Cyrille Fijnaut; The Mafia and the Problem of the Mafia: Organised Crime in Italy, 1820-1970, Gianluca Fulvetti; Multiple Underworlds in the Dutch Republic of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries, Florike Egmond; Many a Lord is Guilty, Indeed For Many Poor a Man’s Dishonest Deed: Gangs of Robbers in Early Modern Germany, Katrin Lange; Banditry in Corsica: The Eighteenth to Twentieth Centuries, Stephen Wilson; From Thievish Artel to Criminal Corporation: The History of Organised Crime in Russia, Yakov Gilinskiy and Yakov Kostjukovsky; Urban Knights and Rebels in the Ottoman Empire , Yücel Yesilgöz and Frank Bovenkerk; Comparative Synthesis of Part I, Cyrille Fijnaut and Letizia Paoli Part II: Contemporary Patterns Of Organised Crime Introduction to Part II: Sources and Literature, Cyrille Fijnaut and Letizia Paoli; Organised Crime in Italy: Mafia and Illegal Markets – Exception and Normality, Letizia Paoli; Crossing Borders: Organised Crime in the Netherlands, Edward Kleemans; Organised Crime in Germany: A Passe-Partout Definition Encompassing Different Phenomena, Jörg Kinzig and Anna Luczak; How Organised is Organised Crime in France? Nacer Lalam; Spain: The Flourishing Illegal Drug Haven in Europe; Alejandra Gómez-Céspedes and Per Stangeland; The Nature and Representation of Organised Crime in the United Kingdom, Dick Hobbs; The Czech Republic: A Crossroads for Organised Crime, Miroslav Nožina; Organised Crime in Poland: Its Development from Real Socialism to Present Times, Emil Ptywaczewski; Illegal Markets and Organised Crime in Switzerland: A Critical Assessment, Claudio Besozzi; Organised Crime in Albania: The Ugly Side of Capitalism and Democracy, Vasilika Hysi; ContemporaryRussian Organised Crime: Embedded in Russian Society, Louise Shelley; The Turkish Mafia and the State, Frank Bovenkerk and Yücel Yesilgöz; Comparative Synthesis of Part II, Letizia Paoli and Cyrille Fijnaut Part III: Organised Crime Control Policies Introduction to Part III: The Initiatives of the European Union and the Council of Europe, Cyrille Fijnaut and Letizia Paoli; The Paradox of Effectiveness: Growth, Institutionalisation and Evaluation of Anti-Mafia Policies in Italy, Antonio La Spina; Organised Crime Policies in the Netherlands, Henk Van de Bunt; Organised Crime Policies in Germany, Michael Kilchling; The Control of Organised Crime in France: A Fuzzy Concept but a Handy Reference, Thierry Godefrov; Organised Crime Control Policies in Spain: A Disorganised Criminal Policy for Organised Crime , José Luis De la Cuesta; The Making of the United Kingdom’s Organised Crime Control Policies, Michael Levi; Denmark on the Road to Organised Crime, Karin Cornils and Vagn Greve; Organised Crime Policies in the Czech Republic: A Hard Road from Under-Estimation to the European Standard, Miroslav Scheinost; The Development of Organised Crime Policies in Poland: From Socialist Regime to Rechtsstaat, Emil Ptywaczewski and Wojciech Filipkowski; Organised Crime Policies in Switzerland: Opening the Way for a New Type of Criminal Legislation, Karl-Ludwig Kunz and Elias Hofstetter; Organised Crime Control in Albania: The Long and Difficult Path to Meet International Standards and Develop Effective Policies, Vasilika Hysi; Anti-Organised Crime Policies in Russia, Thomas Krüßmann; Comparative Synthesis of Part III, Cyrille Fijnaut and Letizia Paoli General Conclusion, Letizia Paoli and Cyrille Fijnaut About the Authors; Index.