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First comprehensive review of juvenile justice laws, policies and practices since the emergence of new democracies in Eastern Europe, including four of the new democracies and re-unified Germany
Reviews juvenile justice laws, policies and practices in 19 separate countries
Analytical approach to comparative juvenile justice systems categorizing them by conceptual orientation
Integration of statistics on juvenile delinquency
Strong comparative orientation to the book
This comprehensive reference work presents an in-depth analysis on the juvenile justice systems of 19 different countries, both in EU-member states (old and new) and in the United States and Canada. The book is the result of research conducted by a group of outstanding scholars working in the field of juvenile justice. The book reflects a collective concern about trends in juvenile justice over the past two decades; trends that have begun to blur the difference between criminal and juvenile justice. The last chapter highlights similarities and differences between the various systems, identifying three clusters of countries with a similar approach to juvenile justice. In particular, differences are found between the Anglo-Saxon countries, and continental Europe. The former have a more formal "justice" approach, with a strong emphasis on the accountability of juveniles, "just desert" principles, and retribution, while the latter still operate on a "welfare" philosophy. Two special systems, the Scottish Hearing system and the Scandinavian model, are presented as well.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »Juvenile Court - Juvenile Justice Reform - UN Convention on the Rights of the Child - Youth Crime - age of criminal responsibility - boot camps - juvenile justice
PART I: THE ANGLO-SAXON ORIENTATION. 1. Punishment and Control: Juvenile Justice Reform in the United States. 2. Canada’s Juvenile Justice System: Promoting Community-based Responses to Youth Crime. 3. Beyond Welfare Versus Justice: Juvenile Justice in England and Wales. 4. Mainstreaming Restorative Justice for Young Offenders through Youth Conferencing - the Experience of Northern Ireland. 5. Transition and Reform: Juvenile Justice in the Republic of Ireland. 6. Between Just Desert and Welfare: Juvenile Justice in the Netherlands.
PART II: WESTERN CONTINENTAL EUROPE. 7. The French Juvenile Justice System. 8. Surviving of the Protection Model? Competing Goals in Belgian Juvenile Justice. 9. Between Tolerance and Repression: Juvenile Justice in Germany. 10. Austria: A Protection System 11. The Swiss Federal Statute on Juvenile Criminal Law. 12. The Emerging Juvenile Justice System in Greece. 13. Continuity and Change in the Spanish Juvenile Justice System.
PART III: EASTERN EUROPE. 14. Continuity in the Welfare Approach - Juvenile Justice in Poland. 15. Restorative Approach and Alternative Methods: Juvenile Justice Reform in the Czech Republic. 16. Welfare versus Neo-Liberalism - Juvenile Justice in Slovenia. 17. Legal and Actual Treatment of Juveniles within the Juvenile Justice System of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
PART IV: TWO SPECIAL SYSTEMS. 18. The End of an Era? - Youth Justice in Scotland. 19. Keeping the Balance between Humanism and Penal Punitiveness - Recent trends in Juvenile Delinquency and Juvenile Justice in Sweden. 20. Trends in International Juvenile Justice: what Conclusions can be drawn?