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Social Sciences | Nanotechnology and the Challenges of Equity, Equality and Development

Nanotechnology and the Challenges of Equity, Equality and Development

Cozzens, Susan E., Wetmore, Jameson (Eds.)

2011, XXX, 458 p.

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  • Covers key societal issues in emerging technology
  • Includes practical advice for avoiding negative social consequences
  • Offers perspectives on gender, race/ethnicity, and ability status
  • Covers nanotechnology in emerging economies
  • Includes international and multidisciplinary contributions

Nanotechnology is enabling applications in materials, microelectronics, health, and agriculture, which are projected to create the next big shift in production, comparable to the industrial revolution. Such major shifts always co-evolve with social relationships. This book focuses on how nanotechnologies might affect equity/equality in global society. Nanotechnologies are likely to open gaps by gender, ethnicity, race, and ability status, as well as between developed and developing countries, unless steps are taken now to create a different outcome. Organizations need to change their practices, and cultural ideas must be broadened if currently disadvantaged groups are to have a more equal position in nano-society rather than a more disadvantaged one. Economic structures are likely to shift in the nano-revolution, requiring policymakers and participatory processes to invent new institutions for social welfare, better suited to the new economic order than those of the past.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » ableism - developing countries - emerging technology/ emerging technologies - gender - global South - nanomedicine - nanotechnology/ nanotechnologies - policy making - race and ethnicity - social equality - social equity - social inequalities - social inequity - social justice - technology assessment

Related subjects » Applied Ethics & Social Responsibility - Nanotechnology - Social Sciences - Wellbeing & Quality-of-Life

Table of contents 

Preface David Guston Introduction Susan E. Cozzens and Jameson M. Wetmore Contributors Part I: Dimensions of Nano Fairness 1 Contexts of Equity: Thinking about Organizational and Technoscience Contexts for Gender Equity in Biotechnology and Nanotechnology Laurel Smith-Doerr 2 Female Involvement in Nanotechnology Intellectual Property Development Yu Meng and Philip Shapira 3 Potential Implications for Equity in the Nanotechnology Workforce in the U.S. Sonia Gatchair 4 Exploring Societal Impact of Nanomedicine using Public Value Mapping Catherine Slade 5 Ableism and Favoritism for Abilities Governance, Ethics and Studies: New Tools for Nanoscale and Nanoscale enabled Science and Technology Governance Gregor Wolbring 6 i will go further (advertisement) Yonex Corporation Part II: Uneven Structures 7 Nanotechnology and the Extension and Transformation of Inequity Georgia Miller and Gyorgy Scrinis 8 Nanotechnology and the Sixth Technological Revolution Mark Knell 9 Innovation, Growth, and Inequality: Plausible Scenarios of Wage Disparities in a World with Nanotechnologies Walter D. Valdivia 10 Metropolitan Development of Nanotechnology: Concentration or Dispersion? Jan Youtie and Philip Shapira 11 The Role of Organized Workers in the Regulation of Nanotechnologies Guillermo Foladori and Edgar Zayago Lau 12 ETUC Resolution on Nanotechnologies and Nanomaterials European Trade Union Confederation Part III: Equalizing Processes 13 Materializing Nano Equity: Lessons from Design Dean Nieusma 14 Public Perceptions of Fairness in NBIC Technologies Ravtosh Bal 15 Equity and Participation in Decisions: What can nanotechnology learn from biotechnology in Kenya? Matthew Harsh 16 Nanotechnology: How prepared is Uganda? Kikonyogo Ngatya Part IV: Nanotechnology and the World System 17 Nanotechnology and the Poor: Opportunities and Risks for Developing Countries Todd F. Barker, Leili Fatehi, Michael T. Lesnick, Timothy J. Mealey, and Rex R. Raimond – 18 Science Policy and Social Inclusion: Advances and Limits of Brazilian Nanotechnology Policy Noela Invernizzi 19 The Potential of Nanotechnology for Equitable Economic Development: The Case of Brazil Luciano Kay and Philip Shapira 20 Open Access Nanotechnology for Developing Countries: Lessons from Open Source Software Dhanaraj Thakur 21 Southern Roles in Global Nanotechnology Innovation: Perspectives from Thailand and Australia Donald C. Maclurcan 22 How can Nanotechnologies Fulfill the Needs of Developing Countries? David J. Grimshaw, Lawrence D. Gudza, and Jack Stilgoe 23 Technology, Society, & Education: An Indian Perspective R Sharan, Y N Mohapatra, and Jameson M. Wetmore Part V: Lessons for action 24 Keeping the Dream Alive: What ELSI-research Might Learn from Parliamentary Technology Assessment Rinie van Est 25 Nanotech Ethics and the Policymaking Process: Lessons Learned for Advancing Equity and Equality in Emerging Nanotechnologies Evan S. Michelson 26 Building Equity and Equality into Nanotechnology Susan Cozzens Index

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