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Uses political science theory in researching state formation in prehistoric societies
Takes a global comparative approach
Blanton is one of the founders of the field of economic and political archaeology
Collective Action in the Formation of Pre-Modern States by Richard Blanton and Lane Fargher Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN
Research over the past half-century has substantially increased the quantity and quality of information on the evolution of early complex societies. New methods and new discoveries have inspired anthropological archaeologists and other social scientists to rethink prevailing theories, which now seem excessively deterministic and unable to account for the role of human action in social change. The authors propose that the rational choice theory of collective action, especially as it has been developed by political scientists, is a fruitful new direction for theory-building that can overcome these limitations. This theory addresses the dilemma faced by any group attempting to build a complex society, namely, that the rational and self-interested behavior of social actors may limit the potential for collective action and group solidarity. This book explores a collective action perspective on the formation of pre-modern states, but does not only promote a new mode of theoretical understanding. Rather, it subjects collective action theory to a methodologically rigorous evaluation using a systematic cross-cultural analysis of historical, ethnographic, and archaeological data drawn from a world-wide sample of societies. These data provide strong support for the theory while pointing the way to a more complex and nuanced approach to collective action, uniting theories of pre-modern and modern states.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »Political Science - anthropological archaeology - collective action - evolution - pre-modern states - state
Rethinking the Role of Agency in Political Evolution.- The Social Actor in Collective Action.- Selecting a Sample of Societies for Comparative Coding.- Archaeological and Historical Contexts for the Coded Societies.- Revenue Sources.- Public Goods.- Bureaucratization.- Modes of Control of Principals.- Theory Testing and a Question: Is State Formation a Product of Rational Choice or Symbolic Structure?.- Collective Action Processes at World-Economy, Polity, and Community Scales.- Collective Action and Political Evolution.