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Global processes such as capitalism and colonialism are influenced by local forces and manifested in events at a local level. The study of local practices can thus provide new insights into broader social relations. This book analyses British action at the end of the 18th century in the Southern hemisphere. Two Royal Navy ships, one off the Argentinean coast and one off the Southeast Australian coast are examined.
By applying the concept of praxis, British action is integrated in both land and maritime spaces. A closer look into the associated experienced landscapes enhances our understanding of how social identities were projected at local and global levels.
This book goes beyond a descriptive analysis of wrecks by exploring them and their cargoes as embodiments of 18th century social relations. Maritime Archaeology and Social Relations challenges traditional maritime approaches providing a different perspective that emphasises the richness, diversity and complexity of British action.
Content Level »Professional/practitioner
Keywords »historical archaeology - maritime archaeology - material culture - shipwreck archaeology - social archaeology
Preface.- Acknowledgements.- CHAPTER 1: Introduction.- 1.1 Overview .- 1.2 General Historical Context of the 18th Century.- 1.3 Research Context.- 1.3.1 Introduction to Some Concepts.- 1.3.2 The South Atlantic and Australia.- 1.3.3 Research Ideas.- 1.3.4 The Case Studies.- 1.3.5 A Brief Summary.- 1.4 Organisation of this book.- CHAPTER 2: Linking Historical and Maritime Archaeology.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 Historical Archaeology.- 2.3 Historical Archaeology or The Archaeology of the ‘Modern’ World’?.- 2.4 Historical Archaeology and Archaeology of Contact.- 2.5 Maritime Archaeology.- 2.5.1 Two Main Approaches: ‘Pompeii Premise’ versus ‘The Archaeology of the Event’.- 2.6 The Combination of Historical Documents and Archaeological Evidence.- 2.7 Summary.- CHAPTER 3: Historical and Maritime Archaeology: The Argentinean and Australian Case Studies.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 Historical and Maritime Archaeology.- 3.2.1 A Brief Review of the Argentinean Case Study.- 3.2.2 A Brief Review of the Australian Case Study.- 3.3 The Case Studies.- 3.3.1 The Swift Project.- 3.3.2 The Sirius Project.- 3.4 Summary.- CHAPTER 4: Meaning and Social Archaeology.- 4.1 Introduction .- 4.2 Space, Time and Social Beings.- 4.2.1 Space, Landscapes and Places.- 4.2.2 The Interpretation of Social Landscapes. - 4.2.3 Social Time .- 4.2.4 Social Beings.- 4.3 Material Relationships and the Meaning of Things.- 4.3.1 Activities, People and the Material World.- 4.4 Praxis: Constructing Identities through Materiality.- 4.5 Summary.- CHAPTER 5: Consuming Capitalism and Colonialism.- 5.1 Introduction .- 5.2 Capitalism as a Social Process.- 5.2.1 Defining Capitalism .- 5.2.2 Capitalistic Studies in Maritime Archaeology.- 5.2.3 The Capitalistic World: the Modern World? .- 5.3 Colonialism: Shaping Identities.- 5.3.1 Knowledge, Experience and Identities.- 5.4 Production and Consumption of Identities.- 5.5 Summary.- CHAPTER 6: Understanding Places on the South Atlantic and on the Southeast Coastof Australia.- 6.1 Introduction .- 6.2 Environment and Historical Context on the Atlantic Coast of Patagonia.- 6.2.1 Europeans in the Malvinas?Falkland Islands.- 220.127.116.11 HMS Swift.- 6.2.2 Puerto Deseado.- 6.3 Environment and Historical Context.- 6.3.1 New South Wales.- 6.3.2 Norfolk Island and the Wreck of the Sirius .- 18.104.22.168 HMS Sirius.- 6.4 Summary.- CHAPTER 7: British Identities Through Pottery in Praxis.- 7.1 Introduction.- 7.2 Pottery Assemblage and Its General Characteristics.- 7.2.1 Decorative Patterns as Lifestyle Indicators.- 7.2.2 Pottery Imitation and Definition of Ourselves.- 7.3 Production, Consumption and Habitual Actions.- 7.3.1 Memories from the Homeland.- 7.3.2 Interpretation of British Habitual Action Through Storage Wares.- 7.4 Royal Navy Ships and Their Routines.- 7.5 Positioning and Power Structures.- 7.6 Summary.- CHAPTER 8: Interpretation of British Action Through Social Landscapes.- 8.1 Introduction.- 8.2 socialised Physical Landscapes.- 8.2.1 Locating Settlements in the Landscape.- 8.2.2 Understanding British Action Through the Distribution of Resources.- 8.3 Networks and Interactions.- 8.3.1 Settlements, Circulation of Goods and People’s Position in the World.- 8.3.2 Experiencing Landscapes Through the Accumulation of Knowledge.- 8.3.3 Acknowledging Natives: Knowledge as a Powerful Tool.- 8.3.4 Competing Powers.- 8.4 Final Thoughts.- 8.5 Innovations of This Research.- References.- List of Metric Conversions.- List of Abbreviations