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References | Springer References

Welcome to the Springer Reference Library

Key Features at a Glance 

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We invite you to explore the wide range of Springer Reference titles, available as fully searchable and hyperlinked eReferences, as well as in printed format. Benefit from cost-saving bundled print + eReference sets. Recommend to your library today!

What are Springer References? 

Springer References are multi-volume encyclopedias, handbooks, dictionaries, and atlases on specific subjects written by experts and aimed not only at researchers, but also at scientists from related areas and junior scientists.
They represent works of tertiary literature, containing digested and established knowledge presented in an easily accessible format. Together they form a huge web of knowledge.
Our expertise in structuring and organizing reference works enables large international author teams to present their combined knowledge uniformly and systematically, ensuring that these articles are easily accessible, even for non specialists.

Cutting-Edge Resources in Different Formats: Print - eReference 

One unique feature of Springer References is that they are not only available as print versions, but also as digital reference works on SpringerLink.
The eReferences are part of our eBook packages, compilations of various digital publications in specific subject areas. But users can also buy the eReferences separately, for example as supplementary reference works for a neighboring research discipline.
The advantage of eReferences over printed versions is that they can be used by several people at the same time, for instance within a library network, for the same price. Plus, they can also contain enlargeable illustrations and graphics, audio files and videos.

Benefits for Authors 

  • Publication in both print and online format.
  • Convenient and easy-to-use online submission and editing system, created specifically for the management of major reference works
  • Continuously updatable
  • Possibility to include video and acoustic files or any other form of supplementary material in the online version (eReference)
  • High visibility due to google-indexed content
  • Pub Med, Crossref , ChemPort, MATH, MathSciNet linking
  • PDF and HTML formats to make access, linking and search for researchers as easy as possible
  • DOIs identify each article, ensuring accurate citation and direct linking
  • A majority of the scientific community can access your research at any time from any location
  • High usage and download numbers of eReferences

Benefits for Librarians 

  • Access to multidisciplinary knowledge at various levels of depth
  • Rely on high-quality reference products
  • Enhanced search functionalities
  • Expanded usage
  • Much higher downloads than regular eBooks
  • Springer References can be purchased individually or as part of a subject collection

Continuously updated reference works 


  • Provides access to living editions of reference works, including those still forthcoming, across every subject, continuously updated through a dynamic, peer-review publishing process.
SpringerReference.com uses an industry-first publishing model to deliver living editions of Springer’s trusted reference works well in advance of print or ‘static’ online reference editions. It contains Springer’s major reference works across every subject and enables leading scientists to submit updates to reference work entries as scientific developments occur. These ‘Live Reference’ updates are peer-reviewed to ensure that all content on SpringerReference.com meets the same high standards for quality and integrity that libraries and researchers have come to expect from Springer.

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Continuously updated, live reference works. Published at the pace of scientific discovery.

Springer Handbooks

Key information by leading experts in physical sciences

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