Gibney, Laura, DiClemente, Ralph J., Vermund, Sten H. (Eds.)
1999, XXIII, 400 p.
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Globally, action to prevent HIV spread is inadequate. Over 16,000 new infections occur every day. Yet we are not helpless in the face of disaster, as shown by the rich prevention experience analyzed in this valuable new compendium. “Best pr- tice” exists—a set of tried and tested ways of slowing the spread of HIV, of persuading and enabling people to protect themselves and others from the virus. Individually, features of best practice can be found almost everywhere. The tragedy, on a world scale, is that prevention is spotty, not comprehensive; the measures are not being applied on anywhere near the scale needed, or with the right focus or synergy. The national response may concentrate solely on sex workers, for example. Elsewhere, efforts may go into school education for the young, but ignore the risks and vulnerability of men who have sex with men. Action may be patchy geographically. AIDS prevention may not benefit from adequate commitment from all parts and sectors of society, compromising the sustainability of the response. In some countries matters are still worse—there is still hardly any action at all against AIDS and scarcely any effort to make HIV visible. It is no wonder that the epidemic is still emerging and in some places is altogether out of control.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »AIDS - HIV prevention - counseling - developing countries - prevention
HIV Prevention in Developing Countries: Tenets of Behavioral and Biomedical Approaches; L. Gibney. The Global HIV/AIDS Pandemic: Trends and Patterns; D. Tarantola, et al. Emerging Biomedical Interventions; L. Lawson, et al. Intervening in Blood Supply and Use Systems: HIV Testing; N.T. Constantine, et al. The Evolution of Voluntary Testing and Counseling as an HIV Prevention Strategy; S.A. Allen, et al. Controlling Other Sexually Transmitted Diseases; G. Dallabetta, et al. Behavioral Interventions; K.R. O'Reilly, et al. Insights for HIV Prevention from Industrialized Countries' Experience; A. Raj, et al. The Use of Psychosocial Models for Guiding the Design and Implementation of HIV Prevention Interventions: Translating Theory into Practice; G.M. Wingood, R.J. DiClemente. Interventions for Commercial Sex Workers and Their Clients; E.N. Ngugi, et al. Interventions for Adolescents; P. Aggleton, K. Rivers. Interventions for Workers Away from Their Families; M. Haour-Knipe, et al. Interventions for Injecting Drug Users; A.S. Abdul-Quader, et al. Interventions for Men Who Have Sex with Men; P. Aggleton, et al. HIV Prevention for the General Population; P.R. Lamptey, G.A.W. Goodridge. Intervention Research for Future HIV Prevention: Design and Implementation Considerations; L. Gibner. Index.