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Drawing on a wide variety of modern and classical sources and multiple disciplines, this book presents hypothesizes about the relationship between human language and thought to brain specialization. The authors focus on aphasia-language disorder resulting from local brain damage and show that the clinical aspect represents not only loss of function of the damaged area, but also results from the interaction between damaged and intact areas of the brain.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »Action - Emotion - Perception - Thought - language - psychiatry
Part I: Introduction to The Problem And Approach. 1: Basic Factors in the Human Brain's Differentiation Underlying Cerebral Organization of Language Ability. 1.1. Background. 1.2. Bernstein's Model of Hierarchica1 Cerebral Organization of Movements. 1.3. Cytoarchitectural View. 1.4. Functional Asymmetry of the Brain, Intrahemispheric Specialization and Function Level. 1.5. Summary. Part II: Cerebral Organization of Language And Thought. 2: Temporal-Occipital Region: Visual Object Perception, Thought and Word. 2.1. Delineation of Anatomical Region. 2.2. Neurobehavioral Correlates: Visual Object Gnosis Connected with the Temporal-Occipital Region. 2.3. Left Temporal-Occipital Region: Multilevel Visual Object Processing, Categorical Classification, and Logical Grammatical Language Code. 2.4. Right Temporal-Occipital Region: Visual Object Perception, and Visual Symbolic Thinking. 2.5. Cerebral Organization of Word Meaning. 2.6. Anomic Aphasia: What Is It? -Visual Anomia and Lexical Logico-Grammatical Aphasia. 3: Temporal Region and `Sound-Articulate' Speech. 3. 1. Phylogenetic Connection between Phonological Language Code and Thought. 3.2. Left Temporal Region and Sound Code of the Word. 3.3. Cerebral Organization of Single Word Processing. 3.4. Lexical Phonological Aphasia. 4: Parietal-Occipital Region: Spatial Perception, and Word Form. 4.1. Delineation of Anatomical Region. 4.2. Neurobehavioral Correlates: Visual-Spatial Ability Connected with the Parietal-Occipital Region. 4.3. Left Parietal-Occipital Region: Hierarchy in Spatial Processing and MorphologicalLanguage Code. 4.4. Right Parietal-Occipital Region and Its Contribution to Self. 4.5. Lexical Morphological Aphasia. 5: Frontal Region: Thought and Sentence. 5.1. Delineation of Anatomical Region. 5.2. Mechanism of Right Hemispheric Thought. 5.3. Mechanism of Left Hemispheric Thought. 5.4. Left Hemisphere Cognitive Mechanism and Limbic Emotion. 5.5. Syntactical Aphasia I and Syntactical Aphasia II. Part III: Conclusions, Reflections, Perspectives. 6: Thought and Focal Brain Damage. 6.1. Neurolinguistic Classification of Aphasia. 6.2. Aphasia and Intellect. 6.3. Thought and Focal Brain Damage. 7: Perspectives for Psychiatry. 7.1. Cerebral Organization of the Self and Schizophrenia. 7.2. Bernstein's Concept of Function Levels in the Brain and Psychopathology. 7.3. Brain Mechanisms of Psychiatric Thought Disorder (Delusions). References. Index.