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Psychology - Neuropsychology | ADHD as a Model of Brain-Behavior Relationships

ADHD as a Model of Brain-Behavior Relationships

Koziol, Leonard F., Budding, Deborah Ely, Chidekel, Dana

2013, X, 93 p. 5 illus.

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  • Focuses on heterogeneity of presentations of ADHD and inadequacy of making the diagnosis on basis of behavior rating scales
  • Discusses the difference between the DSM observational system and attention as a cognitive process
  • Explains why the DSM system generates many false negative and false positive errors among the attention disorder population

ADHD as a Model of Brain-Behavior Relationships

Leonard F. Koziol, Deborah Ely Budding, and Dana Chidekel

 

Series Title: Springer Briefs in Neuroscience

Subseries: The Vertically Organized Brain in Theory and Practice

 

 

It's been a basic neurological given: the brain does our thinking, and has evolved to do the thinking, as controlled by the neocortex. In this schema, all dysfunction can be traced to problems in the brain’s lateral interactions. But in scientific reality, is this really true? Challenging this traditional cortico-centric view is a body of research emphasizing the role of the structures that control movement--the brain's vertical organization--in behavioral symptoms.

 

Using a well-known, widely studied disorder as a test case, ADHD as a Model of Brain-Behavior Relationships offers an innovative framework for integrating neuroscience and behavioral research to refine diagnostic process and advance the understanding of disorders. Identifying a profound disconnect between current neuropsychological testing and the way the brain actually works, this revision of the paradigm critiques the DSM and ICD in terms of the connectedness of brain structures regarding cognition and behavior. The authors argue for a large-scale brain network approach to pathology instead of the localizing that is so common historically, and for an alternate set of diagnostic criteria proposed by the NIMH. Included in the coverage:

 

  • The diagnosis of ADHD: history and context
  • ADHD and neuropsychological nomenclature
  • Research Domain Criteria: a dimensional approach to evaluating disorder
  • The development of motor skills, executive function, and a relation to ADHD
  • The role of the cerebellum in cognition, emotion, motivation, and dysfunction
  • How large-scale brain networks interact

 

Heralding a more accurate future of assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of neurodevelopmental disorders, ADHD as a Model of Brain-Behavior Relationships represents a major step forward for neuropsychologists, child psychologists, and psychiatrists, or any related profession interested in a neuroscientific understanding of brain function.

 

Content Level » Research

Keywords » ADHD - attention deficit disorder - attention deficit hyperactivity disorder - executive function - minimal brain damage - von Economo's encephalitis

Related subjects » Child & School Psychology - Neuropsychology - Neuroscience - Pediatrics

Table of contents 

Neuroscience, Neuropsychology, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity  Disorder: ADHD as a Model of Brain-Behavior Relationships.- ADHD, Attention, and  DSM Diagnosis: History and Context.- ADHD and Neuropsychological  Nomenclature.- Diagnostic Systems and  Etiological  Models.- Neuropsychological Models  Of Attention and ADHD.- Broad-Based Neuropsychological Test Batteries and ADHD.- Preliminary  Answers to the Question.- Dimensional Approaches for Evaluating  Disorders: Research Domain Criteria.-The Neocortex, Regional  Functional  Specialization, and Cognitive  Networks.- Large Scale Brain Networks and  Functional Connectivity.- The Ontogeny of Functional  Brain Networks.- Large Scale Brain Network Disturbances in ADHD.- The Selection Problem.- The Basal Ganglia.- The Basal Ganglia and Intention Programs.- The Basal  Ganglia: Focused Attention  and  Learning  Through  Integrative Networks.-Reward Circuitry and the Basal Ganglia.- The Cerebellum.- The Modular Organization of the Cerebellum.- The Development of Motor Skills, Executive Functions, and a Relationship to ADHD: A Preliminary Review.- Revisiting Neuropsychological Testing and The Paradox of ADHD.- Neural Network Dynamics: How Large Scale Brain Networks Interact.-Concluding Remarks.

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