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Consciousness has always been a particularly elusive concept and one vigorously argued in the scientific community. This new volume takes on the task of defining normal and altered consciousness in their most relevant clinical terms.
In States of Consciousness, Andrzej Kokoszka expands on the pioneering work of J.H. Jackson, offering contemporary models for studying consciousness as it applies to both pathology and normal altered states, e.g., relaxation, sleep, meditation, and hypnosis. He makes clear distinctions between the neuroscientific and psychiatric components of consciousness; at the same time, his theories are rooted firmly in the biopsychosocial approach.
Highlights of the coverage:
-Historical overview of studies of consciousness and its altered states
-Evolutionary/dynamic model of consciousness and information processing, based on the structure and principles of cell behavior
-Comparison of altered states of consciousness in healthy persons and patients with schizophrenia
-New perspectives on the role of consciousness in pathology
-Case illustration of altered states in a patient with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, integrating neurobiological, cognitive-behavioral, and psychodynamic data
-Applications of the model in clinical practice
States of Consciousness lends itself to theoretical and practical, research and classroom use. It is relevant to a range of scientists and practitioners in cognition, clinical psychology, social psychology, and neuropsychology The book’s scope and the author’s attention to detail make it a work of great versatility, much like consciousness itself.
INTRODUCTION CHAPTER 1. GENERAL PRESUMPTIONS AND CONCEPTS REFERRING TO CONSCIOUSNESS AND ITS ALTERED STATES Preface The Philosophical Presumptions Consciousness, Self-consciousness and Awareness The Notion of Altered States of Consciousness and Other Terms of Similar Meaning Superficially and Profoundly Altered States of Consciousness CHAPTER 2. THEORETICAL INSPIRATIONS Preface Neojacksonian Psychophysiological Psychiatry of Jan Mazurkiewicz Introduction History of Misperception of Jacksonian Theory by Psychiatry The Main Principles of Neo-Jacksonian Theory of Mazurkiewicz 1.3.1. Double Function of CNS 1.3.2.Instinctual Sources of Psychic Activity 1.3.3. Dynamic Function of Emotions 1.3.4. The Psychophysiology Theory 1.3.5. The Psychopathology Theory 1.3.6. Schema of Human Psychical Activity 1.4 Conclusion Comprehensive Descriptive Psychiatry by Antoni Kepinski: Metabolism of Information and Psychopathology of Values Experiencing Introduction Metabolism of Information 2.2.1. Basic Concepts 2.2.2. Basic Functions and Structures 2.2.3. A Model of Information Metabolism 2.3. The Axiological Approach to Psychiatry According to Antoni Kepinski 2.4. To Understand in Order to 'Raise in Spirit' 2.5. Conclusions CHAPTER 3. THE VARIETY OF SUBJECTIVE EXPERIENCES Preface Altered States of Consciousness are Common Phenomenology of Altered States of Consciousness The Contents of Experiences is Not Specific for Mental Disorders: Altered States of Consciousness Among Schizophrenics and Healthy CHAPTER 4. THE MAIN RESULTS RESEARCH ON ALTERED STATES OF CONSCIOUNESS AND ITS GENERAL THEORIES Preface A review of Scientific Findings Historical Background of Altered States of Consciousness Investigations Conclusions from Researches in Search of Altered States of Consciousness Mechanisms General Psychological Theories and Models of Altered States of Consciousness Classical Theories of Consciousness William James Karl Jaspers Sigmund Freud Carl Gustaw Jung Contemporary Theories and Models of Consciousness Introduction Gruehn Fisher’s Cartography of States of Consciousness Weil’s Drive to Altered States of Consciousness Tart’s System Approach Jaynes’s Concept of Bicameral Mind Transpersonal Approach Psychodynamic Approach Cognitive Approach Other Theories Conclusions CHAPTER 5. MODELS OF STATES OF CONSCIOUSNESS AND INFORMATION METABOLISM Preface Terminological Solutions 1.1. Introduction Theoretical Presumptions 2.1. Conclusions from The Review of Existing Data and Theories of States of Consciousness and its Altered States 2.2. The Current Version of The Model of The Information Metabolism The Main Presumptions Justification of The Information Metabolism