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Physics - Quantum Physics | Manipulating Quantum Coherence in Solid State Systems

Manipulating Quantum Coherence in Solid State Systems

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Manipulating Quantum Coherence in Solid State Systems, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, 29 August - 8 September 2005

Series: Nato Science Series II:, Vol. 244

Flatté, Michael E., Tifrea, Ionel (Eds.)

2007, XI, 234 p.

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  • Presents both semiconducting and superconducting approaches to manipulating quantum coherence
  • Emphasizes the material and physical properties of semiconductors and superconductors relevant for their application to quantum coherence manipulation
  • Consolidates state-of-the-art information in this area only otherwise available in journal articles

This book features the proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute "Manipulating Quantum Coherence in Solid State Systems", held in Cluj-Napoca, Romania, August 2005, which presented a fundamental introduction to solid-state approaches to achieving quantum computation. This proceedings volume describes the properties of quantum coherence in semiconductor spin-based systems and the behavior of quantum coherence in superconducting systems.

Semiconductor spin-based approaches to quantum computation have made tremendous advances in the past several years. Coherent populations of spins can be oriented, manipulated and detected experimentally. Rapid progress has been made towards performing the same tasks on individual spins (nuclear, ionic, or electronic) with all-electrical means. Superconducting approaches to quantum computation have demonstrated single qubits based on charge eigenstates as well as flux eigenstates. These topics are presented in a pedagogical fashion by leading researchers in the fields of semiconductor-spin-based quantum coherence and of superconducting quantum coherence.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Hall effect - Magnetic field - PAS - PED - PES - REM - STEM - Semiconductor - Spin Hall effect - Superconductor - drift transistor - integrated circuit - quantum dot - spintronics

Related subjects » Applied & Technical Physics - Materials - Optics & Lasers - Quantum Physics

Table of contents 

Preface. List of Participants. Semiconductor Spintronics for Quantum Computation. 1 Introduction. 2 Spin-dependent processes in electrical transport. 3 Spin Coherence Times in Semiconductors. 4 All-electrical control of single ion spins in a semiconductor. 5 Single-spin manipulation in quantum dots. 6 Spin-selective Devices Conclusion; M.E. Flatté.- Many-body effects in spin-polarized transport. 1 Drift-diffusion theory for charge. 2 Drift-diffusion theory for collinear spins. 3 Spin Coulomb drag - an introduction. 4 Drift-diffusion theory - continued. 5 Simple applications. 6 Microscopic theory of spin Coulomb drag. 7 Experimental observation of spin Coulomb drag. 8 Spinmass. 9 Spin Hall effect. 10 Conclusion; G. Vignale.- Nuclear spin dynamics in semiconductor nanostructures. 1 Introduction. 2 Hyperfine interaction and spin relaxation times. 3 Dynamic nuclear polarization. 4 Induced magnetic fIelds. 5 Overhauser frequency shifts. 6 Summary. A Table of Semiconductor Isotopes. B Parabolic quantum wells; I. Tifrea. Spin Coherence in Semiconductors. 1 Introduction. 2 Electrical Generation and Manipulation of Spin Polarization. 3 The Spin Hall Effect. 4 Spin Accumulation in Forward-Biased MnAs/GaAs Schottky Diodes. 5 Spin Coherence in Quantum Dots; J. Berezovsky et al.- Quantum computing with superconductors I: Architectures. 1 Introduction. 2 The basic qubits: phase, flux, and charge. 3 Fixed linear couplings. 4 Tunable couplings. 5 Dynamic couplings: Resonator coupled qubits; M.R. Geller et al.- Superconducting qubits II: Decoherence. 1 Introduction. 2 Single qubit decoherence. 3 Beyond Bloch-Redfteld. 4 Decoherence in coupled qubits. 5 Summary; F.K. Wilhelm et al.- Index

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