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Physics - Particle and Nuclear Physics | Longitudinal Double-Spin Asymmetry of Electrons from Heavy Flavor Decays in Polarized p + p Collisions at √s = 200 GeV

Longitudinal Double-Spin Asymmetry of Electrons from Heavy Flavor Decays in Polarized p + p Collisions at √s = 200 GeV

Series: Springer Theses

Nakamura, Katsuro

2014, XVI, 141 p. 94 illus., 31 illus. in color.

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  • Provides the detailed current states of the gluon polarization measurement, including recent results from the PHENIX and STAR experiment and the global analysis of the DSSV group
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  • Introduces the options of rejecting and estimating the photonic electron background using the Hadron Blind Detector.
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  • Provides the world-first result of double-spin asymmetry of electrons from heavy flavor decays in proton–proton collisions and the constraint of the gluon-polarized parton-distribution function in the small Bjorken x region
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  • Nominated as an outstanding contribution by Kyoto University's Physics Department in 2013

In this thesis, the measurement of double-spin asymmetry for electron production from heavy flavor decays was performed in a Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) in the PHENIX experiment at Brookhaven National Laboratory to measure the polarized parton distribution function of gluon in the small Bjorken x region (x~0.01).

 

For this experiment, for the first time a Hadron Blind Detector (HBD), which is a position-sensitive gas Cherenkov counter with Gas Electron Multiplier whose surface is evaporated by CsI, was employed. This HBD contributes to reducing the background from electron pairs produced by real and virtual photon conversion. Furthermore, the author develops a new analysis method for the background reduction, and the signal-to-background ratio is improved by a factor of roughly 2.0. Using the combination of the HBD and a new analysis method, the double-spin asymmetry of the electron production with transverse momentum ranging 0.5 < pT < 3.0 GeV/c is measured and confirmed to be zero-consistent within the limit of the statistical uncertainty of about 1%. This result identifies the constraint of the gluon polarization in the small Bjorken x region, a worldwide first.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Gluon Polarization - Hadron Blind Detector - Heavy Quark Decay - Measurement of Electrons from Heavy Flavor Decays - Nucleon Spin Structure - Polarized Hadron Collider - Proton-Proton Collisions - QCD Dynamics - RHIC - The Small Bjorken X Region

Related subjects » Applied & Technical Physics - Particle and Nuclear Physics

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