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This book represents the first detailed description, including both theoretical aspects and experimental methods, of the interaction of rare-earth ions with surface plasmon polariton from the point of view of collective plasmon-photon interactions via resonance modes (metal nanoparticles or nanostructure arrays) with quantum emitters (rare-earth ions). These interactions are of particular interest for applications to optical telecommunications, optical displays, and laser solid state technologies. Thus, our main goal is to give a more precise overview of the rapidly emerging field of nanophotonics by means of the study of the quantum properties of light interaction with matter at the nanoscale. In this way, collective plasmon-modes in a gain medium result from the interaction/coupling between a quantum emitter (created by rare-earth ions) with a metallic surface, inducing different effects such as the polarization of the metal electrons (so-called surface plasmon polariton - SPP), a field enhancement sustained by resonance coupling, or transfer of energy due to non-resonant coupling between the metallic nanostructure and the optically active surrounding medium. These effects counteract the absorption losses in the metal to enhance luminescence properties or even to control the polarization and phase of quantum emitters. The engineering of plasmons/SPP in gain media constitutes a new field in nanophotonics science with a tremendous technological potential in integrated optics/photonics at the nanoscale based on the control of quantum effects. This book will be an essential tool for scientists, engineers, and graduate and undergraduate students interested not only in a new frontier of fundamental physics, but also in the realization of nanophotonic devices for optical telecommunication.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »Collective plasmon-modes - Collective plasmon-modes, gain media - Collective plasmon-photon interactions - Gain media - Nanophotonics - Nanoplasmonics - Nanoplasomonics gain media - Plasmonic nanoparticles - Plasmonic nanoparticles, n-state quantum system - Plasmonic nanostructure array - Plasmonic nanostructure array quantum emitter - Plasmonic nanostructures - Quantum emitter - Rare-earth ions and surface plasmon polariton - SPP - Surface plasmon nanophotonics - Surface plasmons and gain media
Preface.- Acknowledgements.- Quantum aspects of light-matter interaction.- Introduction.- The dielectric function of the free electron gas.- Surface plasmons and gain media.- Surface Plasmon Coupled Emission.- Perspective - Surface Plasmon in Nanophotonics.- Plasmonic nanoparticles coupled with a ├ |n⟩-state quantum system.- Introduction.- Plasmonic nanoparticles – Optical nano-antenna.- Plasmon modes and resonance frequency.- Analysis of some specific properties of nanoparticles.- Effect of the dielectric environment.- Effect of the composition.- Effect of the size and shape.- Quantum emitter.- The optical properties or rare-earth ions.- Excitation of localized 4f states.- Emission in the near infrared region.- Plasmon-photon interaction.- Local field enhancement.- Energy transfer.- Conclusion.- Plasmonic nanostructure arrays coupled with a quantum emitter.- Introduction.- Extraordinary optical transmission – Optical nano-antenna.- Localized surface plasmons in metal nanostructure arrays.- Resonance modes and tuning.- Dipolar or multipolar coupling of resonance modes.- Propagation, guiding and localization of resonance modes.- Effects of nanostructure arrays on quantum emitter.- Transmission enhancement.- Focusing of Surface Plasmon Polaritons.- Polarization control.- Conclusion.- Potential applications.- References.