Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) studies the interaction between the flow of an electrically conducting fluid and magnetic fields. It involves such diverse topics as the evolution and dynamics of astrophysical objects, thermonuclear fusion, metallurgy and semiconductor crystal growth, etc. Although the first ideas in magnetohydrodynamics appeared at the beginning of the last century, the "explosion" in theoretical and experimental studies occurred in the 1950s-60s.
This state-of-the-art book aims at revising the evolution of ideas in various branches of magnetohydrodynamics (astrophysics, earth and solar dynamos, plasmas, MHD turbulence and liquid metals) and reviews current trends and challenges.
Part I Dynamo, Astrophysics, and Plasmas: How MHD Transformed the Theory of Geomagnetism, by Paul Roberts; Early Magnetohydrodynamic Research in Stockholm, by Bo Lehnert; Dynamo Experiments, by Agris Gailitis, Olgerts Lielausis, Gunter Gerbeth, Frank Stefani ; Mean—Field Dynamo Theory: Early Ideas and Today’s Problems, by Karl-Heinz Rädler; Astrophysical MHD - The Early Years, by Leon Mestel; Turbulence and Magnetic Fields in Astrophysical Plasmas, by Alexander A Schekochihin, Steven C Cowley; Transient Pinched Plasmas and Strong Hydromagnetic Waves, by John E Allen. Part II High Magnetic Fields: Early Years of MHD at Cambridge University Engineering Department, by Martin Cowley; Julius Hartmann and His Followers: a Review on the Properties of the Hartmann Layer, by René Moreau, Sergei Molokov; Liquid Metal Magnetohydrodynamics for Fusion Blankets, by Leo Bühler; Geostrophic versus MHD Models, by Thierry Alboussiêre. Part III Turbulence: The Birth and Adolescence of MHD Turbulence, by Keith Moffatt; How Analogous is Generation of Vorticity and Passive Vectors (Magnetic Fields)? , by Arkady Tsinober; MHD Turbulence at Low Magnetic Reynolds Number: Present Understanding and Future Needs, by René Moreau, Andre Thess, Arkady Tsinober; Modelling of MHD Turbulence, by Bernard Knaepen, Olivier Debliquy, Daniele Carati; The Growth of Magnetohydrodynamics in Latvia and Israel, by Herman Branover; Velocity Measurement Techniques for Liquid Metal Flows, by Sven Eckert, Andreas Cramer, Gunter Gerbeth; Flow Control and Propulsion in Poor Conductors, by Tom Weier, Victor Shatrov, Gunter Gerbeth. Part IV Electromagnetic Processing of Materials: Overview of Electromagnetic Processing of Materials, by Shigeo Asai; Applications of High Magnetic Fields in Materials Processing, by Hideyuki Yasuda; Effect of AC Magnetic Fields on Free Surfaces, by Yves Fautrelle, Alfred Sneyd, Jacqueline Etay; Numerical Modelling for Electromagnetic Processingof Materials, by Valdis Bojarevics, Koulis Pericleous; Magnetic Fields in Semiconductor Crystal Growth, by Hiroyuki Ozoe, Janusz S Szmyd, Toshio Tagawa; An Outline of Magnetoelectrochemistry, by Antoine Alemany, Jean-Paul Chopart.