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Physics - Condensed Matter Physics | Structural Studies of Liquids and Glasses Using Aerodynamic Levitation

Structural Studies of Liquids and Glasses Using Aerodynamic Levitation

Series: Springer Theses

Farmer, Thomas

2015, XIV, 113 p. 54 illus., 30 illus. in color.

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  • Nominated as an outstanding Ph.D. thesis by University of Bristol, UK
  • Provides an in-depth background to the theory of super cooled liquids and glasses, including iso-composition liquid-liquid phase transitions
  • Demonstrates demanding variants of neutron scattering experiments, including isotopic substitution, aerodynamic levitation and anomalous neutron scattering
This thesis presents neutron scattering data that contribute to the understanding of four distinct areas of condensed matter physics, including iso-compositional liquid-liquid phase transitions and the glass formation in rare earth doped BaTi2O5.
In situ aerodynamic levitation with laser heating was combined with neutron scattering in order to study both liquid-liquid phase transitions in (Y2O3)x(Al2O3)1-x, and the atomic and magnetic ordering in liquid Invar. Among several significant results, obtained in this case from small angle neutron scattering, was the absence of a phase transition across a range of temperatures and compositions in the yttria aluminates.  As these are a principal system in which liquid-liquid phase transitions have been hypothesized, this is an important contribution in a contentious area.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Aerodynamic Levitation with Laser Heating - Glass Formation in Rare Earth Doped BaTi2O5 - Isocompositional Liquid-liquid Phase Transition - Isotopic Substitution of Liquid Invar - Liquid Indium Selenide - Liquid-liquid Phase Transitions - Neutron Diffraction of Amorphous Materials - Structure of Doped BTO Glass

Related subjects » Applied & Technical Physics - Atomic, Molecular, Optical & Plasma Physics - Condensed Matter Physics - Special types of Materials

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