Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Optimising Detectors, Imaging and Computing Technologies from Nuclear Physics in General and Security Applications, Archamps, France, 27 October - 8 November 2005
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This book introduces the fundamental aspects of digital imaging and covers four main themes: ultrasound techniques and imaging applications, magnetic resonance and MPJ in hospital, digital imaging with X-rays, and emission tomography (PET and SPECT).
Each topic is developed by analyzing the underlying physics principles and their implementation, quality and safety aspects, clinical performance, and recent advancements in the field. In addition, some issues specific to the individual techniques are also treated, such as choice of radioisotopes or contrast agents, optimization of data acquisition and storage, readout electronics, modeling and computer algorithms for imaging and measurement in ultrasounds and tomography applications. Each device is explained by medical physicists who use them in hospitals and all clinical applications are reviewed by practicians. All topics are presented with didactical language and style, making this book an appropriate reference for students and professionals seeking a comprehensive introduction to the field as well as a reliable outlook on the most recent developments.
Preface. List of participants. Photographs.
General imaging and ultrasound principle.
Fundamental aspects of Digital Imaging; K.-F. Kamm.-
Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
Principle of magnetic resonance; M. O. Leach. Nuclear magnetic resonance; E. Hilbrand. MRI-Quality assurance; F. Lazeyras. Advanced MRI applications; J. R. Alger. Physiological and functional MRI; J. R. Alger. Applications of clinical magnetic resonance spectroscopy; J. R. Alger. Clinical MRI; A. Alimenti.-
Basic principles of ultrasound; T. Robinson. Ultrasound transducer; F. Bertora. Ultrasonic Doppler modes; P. Tortoli. Ultrasound contrast agents; C. Cachard. Speckle formation, analysis and processing applied to ultrasound tissue characterization; J. M. Thijssen. Performance testing of medical echo/Doppler equipment; J. M. Thijssen. Ultrasonic elastography; R. Souchon. Ultrasound and therapy; C. Lafon. Ultrasound image post-processing; O. Basset. Intravascular imaging; N. De Jong. Early, recent and future applications of echocardiography; N. De Jong.-
Nuclear Medicine Techniques.
Isotopes in medicine; G.-J. Beyer. Electronic signal processing for medical imaging; R. Turchetta. Emission tomography; R. J. Ott. Data acquisition and processing in radioisotope imaging; R. J. Ott. Evaluation of Image quality; P. F. Sharp. Advances in PET and SPECT; A. Todd-Pokropek. Positron emission tomography application to drug development and research; P. A. Salvadori.-
Physical principles of mammography; D. R. Dance. Computed tomography; I. Castellano. Image reconstruction algorithms in positron emission tomography; C. Comtat. Quality control in mammography; A. Noel. Patient dose in diagnostic radiology; A. Noel.