The Canonical Profile Transport Model
Dnestrovskij, Yu.N.
2015, XII, 134 p. 68 illus., 9 illus. in color.
Springer eBooks may be purchased by end-customers only and are sold without copy protection (DRM free). Instead, all eBooks include personalized watermarks. This means you can read the Springer eBooks across numerous devices such as Laptops, eReaders, and tablets.
You can pay for Springer eBooks with Visa, Mastercard, American Express or Paypal.
After the purchase you can directly download the eBook file or read it online in our Springer eBook Reader. Furthermore your eBook will be stored in your MySpringer account. So you can always re-download your eBooks.
(net)
price for USA
ISBN 978-3-319-06802-2
digitally watermarked, no DRM
Included Format: PDF and EPUB
download immediately after purchase
Hardcover version
You can pay for Springer Books with Visa, Mastercard, American Express or Paypal.
Standard shipping is free of charge for individual customers.
(net)
price for USA
ISBN 978-3-319-06801-5
free shipping for individuals worldwide
usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days
This book is devoted to the problem of confinement of energy and particles in tokamak plasmas. The author presents the Canonical Profile Transport Model or CPTM as a rather general mathematical framework to simulate plasma discharges.
The description of hot plasmas in a magnetic fusion device is a very challenging task and many plasma properties still lack a physical explanation. One important property is plasma self-organization.
It is well known from experiments that the radial profile of the plasma pressure and temperature remains rather unaffected by changes of the deposited power or plasma density. The attractiveness of the CPTM is that it includes the effect of self-organization in the mathematical model without having to recur to particular physical mechanisms.
The CPTM model contains one dimensional transport equations for ion and electron temperatures, plasma density and toroidal rotation velocity. These equations are well established but the expressions for the energy, particle and momentum fluxes, including corresponding critical gradients, are new. These critical gradients can be determined using the concept of canonical profiles for the first time formulated in great detail in the book. This concept represents a totally new approach to the description of transport in plasmas. Mathematically, the canonical profiles are formulated as a variational problem. To describe the temporal evolution of the plasma profiles, the Euler equation defining the canonical profiles is solved together with the transport equations at each time step. The author shows that in this way it is possible to describe very different operational scenarios in tokamaks (L-Mode, H-Mode, Advanced Modes, Radiating Improved Modes etc…), using one unique principle.
The author illustrates the application of this principle to the simulation of plasmas on leading tokamak devices in the world (JET, MAST, T-10, DIII-D, ASDEX-U, JT-60U). In all cases the small differences between the calculated profiles for the ion and electron temperatures and the experimental is rather confirm the validity of the CPTM. In addition, the model also describes the temperature and density pedestals in the H-mode and non steady-state regimes with current and density ramp up. The proposed model therefore provides a very useful mathematical tool for the analysis of experimental results and for the prediction of plasma parameters in future experiments.
Content Level » Research
Keywords » ASDEX-U - CPTM Model - DIII-D - Determination of the Canonical Profiles - Energy and Particle Transport in a Stellarator - Ion Turbulent Transport - JT-60U - Non-diffusive Turbulent Transport of Momentum - Plasma Tokamaks - Self-consistency of a Tokamak plasma - T-10 - Thermal Convection Effects
Related subjects » Atomic, Molecular, Optical & Plasma Physics - Nuclear Energy - Theoretical, Mathematical & Computational Physics
Get alerted on new Springer publications in the subject area of Plasma Physics.