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Electron Momentum Spectroscopy measures the energy-momentum density of the electrons in atoms, molecules and solids by means of a kinematically-complete ionization reaction initiated by an electron beam. The construction of spectrometers and the acquisition and reduction of cross-section data are described in detail. The quantum theory of the reaction is explained and the experimental verification is given. It is shown how to extract quasiparticle orbitals, and coefficients describing electron correlations of the data. These quantities are derived from the many-body theory of the electronic structure of atoms, molecules and solids. The relationship to less complete methods of investigating electronic structure is discussed. Examples are given of the determination of atomic and molecular orbitals and quantities relating them to the observed states of the residual ion. For amorphous, polycrystalline and crystalline solids and surfaces, examples show the energy-momentum density of valence electron bands, and effects due to electron diffraction and plasmon excitation. The book aims to give a complete account of electron momentum spectroscopy to date. Its significance is that it is a sensitive and experimentally-verifiable test of essentially every aspect of calculations of electronic structure. It is the only such probe available.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »crystal - diffraction - electron diffraction - many-body theory - molecule - quantum theory - spectroscopy
Preface. 1. Introduction to electron momentum spectroscopy. 2. Experimental techniques. 3. Theory of electron momentum spectroscopy. 4. Outline of structure theory. 5. Atoms. 6. EMS of Molecules. 7. Solids. 8. Comparison with other spectroscopies. Index.