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A creative and scholarly study of Hegel that breaks new ground in appreciating his contribution to transcendental philosophy and his relevance to contemporary discussions of the objectivity problems
Shows how Hegel redefines and completes Kant’s Transcendental turn
Sheds new light on the internal structure of Kant’s Transcendental Deduction
Shows how Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit overcomes Kant’s restriction of knowledge, establishes the standpoint of objective cognition
In this study of Hegel's philosophy, Brinkmann undertakes to defend Hegel's claim to objective knowledge by bringing out the transcendental strategy underlying Hegel's argument in the Phenomenology of Spirit and the Logic. Hegel's metaphysical commitments are shown to become moot through this transcendental reading. Starting with a survey of current debates about the possibility of objective knowledge, the book next turns to the original formulation of the transcendental argument in favor of a priori knowledge in Kant's First Critique. Through a close reading of Kant's Transcendental Deduction and Hegel's critique of it, Brinkmann tries to show that Hegel develops an immanent critique of Kant's position that informs his reformulation of the transcendental project in the Introduction to the Phenomenology of Spirit and the formulation of the position of 'objective thought' in the Science of Logic and the Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences. Brinkmann takes the reader through the strategic junctures of the argument of the Phenomenology that establishes the position of objective thinking with which the Logic begins. A critical examination of the Introduction to the Lectures on the History of Philosophy shows that Hegel's metaphysical doctrine of the self-externalization of spirit need not compromise the ontological project of the Logic and thus does not burden the position of objective thought with pre-critical metaphysical claims.
Brinkmann's book is a remarkable achievement. He has given us what may be the definitive version of the transcendental, categorial interpretation of Hegel. He does this in a clear approachable style punctuated with a dry wit, and he fearlessly takes on the arguments and texts that are the most problematic for this interpretation. Throughout the book, he situates Hegel firmly in his own context and that of contemporary discussion."
-Terry P. Pinkard, University Professor, Georgetown University, Washington, D.C, USA
"Klaus Brinkmann’s important Hegel study reads the Phenomenology and the Logic as aspects of a single sustained effort, in turning from categories to concepts, to carry Kant’s Copernican turn beyond the critical philosophy in what constitutes a major challenge to contemporary Cartesianism."
- Tom Rockmore, McAnulty College Distinguished Professor, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
"In this compelling reconstruction of the theme of objective thought, Klaus Brinkmann takes the reader through Hegel’s dialectic with exceptional philosophical acumen.... Many aspects of this book are striking: the complete mastery of the central tenets of Kant’s and Hegel’s philosophy, the admirable clarity in treating obscure texts and very difficult problems, and how Brinkmann uses his expertise for a discussion of the problems of truth, objectivity and normativity relevant to the contemporary philosophical debate. This will prove to be a very important book, one that every serious student of Kant and Hegel will have to read."
- Alfredo Ferrarin, Professor, Department of Philosophy, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
Chapter One: The Problem of Objectivity: A Problem of Modernity
1.1 The Objectivity Problem and the Crisis of Subjectivity
1.2 Descartes and the Roots of the Crisis
1.3 Some Traditional Arguments in Defense of Objectivity
1.4 Contemporary Defenses of Objectivity
Chapter Two: The Problem of Objectivity: Kant
2.1 Kant’s Transcendental Idealism
2.2 Hegel’s Critique of Kant: The Transcendental Deduction
2.3 Beyond the Matter-Form Distinction: Hegel as a Philosopher of
Chapter Three: The Argument of the Phenomenology
3.1 Methodological Presuppositions
3.2 Sense-Certainty: The Particular and the Universal
3.3 Perception and Understanding: The Immanence of Thinking and the
Meaning of Aufhebung
3.4 The Native Land of Truth: From Desire to Reason
3.5 Methodological Interlude: Overcoming the Opposition of Consciousness
3.6 The Internalization of Spirit: From the Ethical Substance to the Spiritual
3.7 Spirit That Knows Itself as Spirit: Religion and Absolute Knowing
Chapter Four: Objective Knowledge and the Logic
4.1 Interlude: Does the System Need a Ladder?
4.2 Hegel’s Paradigm Shift: From Referentiality to Intelligibility of Thought
4.3 The Metaphysical and the Non-Metaphysical Hegel
4.4 Hegel’s Integrative Pluralism and Its Limits