Logo - springer
Slogan - springer

Philosophy - Logic & Philosophy of Language | Rethinking Logic: Logic in Relation to Mathematics, Evolution, and Method

Rethinking Logic: Logic in Relation to Mathematics, Evolution, and Method

Cellucci, Carlo

2013, XV, 389 p. 35 illus.

Available Formats:
eBook
Information

Springer eBooks may be purchased by end-customers only and are sold without copy protection (DRM free). Instead, all eBooks include personalized watermarks. This means you can read the Springer eBooks across numerous devices such as Laptops, eReaders, and tablets.

You can pay for Springer eBooks with Visa, Mastercard, American Express or Paypal.

After the purchase you can directly download the eBook file or read it online in our Springer eBook Reader. Furthermore your eBook will be stored in your MySpringer account. So you can always re-download your eBooks.

 
$139.00

(net) price for USA

ISBN 978-94-007-6091-2

digitally watermarked, no DRM

Included Format: PDF

download immediately after purchase


learn more about Springer eBooks

add to marked items

Hardcover
Information

Hardcover version

You can pay for Springer Books with Visa, Mastercard, American Express or Paypal.

Standard shipping is free of charge for individual customers.

 
$179.00

(net) price for USA

ISBN 978-94-007-6090-5

free shipping for individuals worldwide

usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days


add to marked items

  • Expounds a fresh approach to classical logic that aims to restore its utility as a scientific method  
  • Reframes Aristotelian methods for use in modern science  
  • Adopts a fresh practical perspective on the links between logic and methodology, including the influence of emotions  
  • Reconceptualises the relational nexus between logic and knowledge ​

This volume examines the limitations of mathematical logic and proposes a new approach to logic intended to overcome them. To this end, the book compares mathematical logic with earlier views of logic, both in the ancient and in the modern age, including those of Plato, Aristotle, Bacon, Descartes, Leibniz, and Kant. From the comparison it is apparent that a basic limitation of mathematical logic is that it narrows down the scope of logic confining it to the study of deduction, without providing tools for discovering anything new. As a result, mathematical logic has had little impact on scientific practice.

Therefore, this volume proposes a view of logic according to which logic is intended, first of all, to provide rules of discovery, that is, non-deductive rules for finding hypotheses to solve problems. This is essential if logic is to play any relevant role in mathematics, science and even philosophy. To comply with this view of logic, this volume formulates several rules of discovery, such as induction, analogy, generalization, specialization, metaphor, metonymy, definition, and diagrams. A logic based on such rules is basically a logic of discovery, and involves a new view of the relation of logic to evolution, language, reason, method and knowledge, particularly mathematical knowledge. It also involves a new view of the relation of philosophy to knowledge. This book puts forward such new views, trying to open again many doors that the founding fathers of mathematical logic had closed historically.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Analytic Method - Analytic-synthetic method - Aristotle’s analytic-synthetic - Deductivist view of Aristotle's Logic - Frege's Approach to Logic - Gentzen Logic - Heuristic View of Aristotle's Logic - Kant’s view of Logic - Logic and Method - Logic of Discovery - Pappus’ analytic-synthetic method - Reason and Knowledge

Related subjects » Logic & Philosophy of Language - Philosophical Traditions - Theoretical Computer Science

Table of contents 

Preface.- Chapter 1. Introduction.- Part I. Ancient Perspectives.- Chapter 2. The Origin of Logic.- Chapter 3. Ancient Logic and Science.- Chapter 4. The Analytic Method.- Chapter 5. The Analytic-Synthetic Method.- Chapter 6. Aristotle's Logic: The Deductivist View.- Chapter 7. Aristotle's Logic: The Heuristic View.- Part II. Modern Perspectives.- Chapter 8. The Method of Modern Science.- Chapter 9. The Quest for a Logic of Discovery.- Chapter 10. Frege's Approach to Logic.- Chapter 11. Gentzen's Approach to Logic.- Chapter 12. The Limitations of Mathematical Logic.- Chapter 13. Logic, Method, and the Psychology of Discovery.- Part III: An Alternative Perspective.- Chapter 14. Reason and Knowledge.- Chapter 15. Reason, Knowledge and Emotion.- Chapter 16. Logic, Evolution, Language and Reason.- Chapter 17. Logic, Method and Knowledge.- Chapter 18. Classifying and Justifying Inference Rules.- Chapter 19. Philosophy and Knowledge.- Part IV: Rules of Discovery.- Chapter 20. Induction and Analogy.- Chapter 21. Other Rules of Discovery.- Chapter 22. Conclusion.- References.- Name Index.- Subject Index.

Popular Content within this publication 

 

Articles

Read this Book on Springerlink

Services for this book

New Book Alert

Get alerted on new Springer publications in the subject area of Logic.