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Presents a new analytical method for the better understanding of reasoning in classical oratory
Includes in-depth analysis of selected forensic speeches from Ciceronian oratory
Provides complex argumentative strategies that may be used in contemporary argumentation and rhetoric
Offers a thorough study of probabilistic reasoning in classical Roman legal arguments
This book introduces a new form of argumentative analysis: rhetorical heuremes. The method applies the concepts of heuristic thinking, probability, and contingency in order to develop a better understanding of complex arguments in classical oratory. A new theory is required because Greek and Roman rhetoric cannot provide detailed answers to problems of strategic argumentation in the analysis of speeches. Building on scholarship in Ciceronian oratory, this book moves beyond the extant terminology and employs a concept of heuristic reasoning derived from the psychology of decision making and mathematical problem solving. The author analyses selected passages from Cicero’s forensic speeches where arguments of probability are deployed, and shows that the Sophistic concept of probability can link ancient rhetoric and modern theories of argumentation. Six groups of heuremes are identified, each of which represents a form of probabilistic reasoning by which the orator plays upon the perception of the jurors.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »Analyses of Ciceronian Oratory - Ancient Rhetorical Systems - Arguments in Ancient Rhetoric - Ciceronian Speeches - Early Greek Rhetoric - Heuremes in Cicero - Heuristic Arguments in the Greek Orators - Heuristic Oratory - Meaning of εἰκός and its Cognates - Origins of Heuristics - Sulla - veri simile in Rhetorical Theory - ‘Facts’ of the Case - ‘Probabilities’ of the Case
Foreword.- Acknowledgement.- Table of Contents.- Preface.- Chapter 1 Introduction: The Problem of Analysis.- Chapter 3 The Origins of Heuristic Argumentation: Probable Arguments in Ancient Rhetoric.- Chapter 4 Cicero’s Models: Heuristic Arguments in the Greek Orators.- Chapter 5 Pro Flacco.- Chapter 6 Pro Sulla.- Chapter 7 Pro Murena.- Chapter 8 Pro Sex. Roscio Amerino.- Chapter 9 Pro Milone.- Chapter 10 Pro Cluentio.- Conclusion.- Bibliography.- Index.