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Philosophy - Logic & Philosophy of Language | The Death of Argument - Fallacies in Agent Based Reasoning

The Death of Argument

Fallacies in Agent Based Reasoning

Series: Applied Logic Series, Vol. 32

Woods, J.H.

2004, XXVII, 378 p.

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  • About this book

The present work is a fair record of work I've done on the fallacies and related matters in the fifteen years since 1986. The book may be seen as a sequel to Fallacies: Selected papers 1972-1982, which I wrote with Douglas Walton, and which appeared in 1989 with Foris. This time I am on my own. Douglas Walton has, long since, found his own voice, as the saying has it; and so have I. Both of us greatly value the time we spent performing duets, but we also recognize the attractions of solo work. If I had to characterize the difference that has manifested itself in our later work, I would venture that Walton has strayed more, and I less, from what has come to be called the Woods-Walton Approach to the study of fallacies. Perhaps, on reflection "stray" is not the word for it, inasmuch as Walton's deviation from and my fidelity to the WWA are serious matters of methodological principle. The WWA was always conceived of as a way of handling the analysis of various kinds of fallacious argument or reasoning. It was a response to a particular challenge [Hamblin, 1970]. The challenge was that since logicians had allowed the investigation of fallacious reasoning to fall into disgraceful disarray, it was up to them to put things right. Accordingly, the WWA sought these repairs amidst the rich pluralisms of logic in the 1970s and beyond.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Argumentation Theory - cognitive psychology - discourse - formal logic - linguistics - logic - science

Related subjects » Linguistics - Logic & Philosophy of Language - Value Theory

Table of contents 

I Metatheoretical Questions.- 1. Who Cares About the Fallacies?.- 2. The Necessity of Formalism.- 3. The Informal Core of Formal Logic.- II Threats and Intimidation.- 4. Ad Baculum and Pascal’s Wager.- 5. Appeal to Force.- III Arguments Involving Reference to Persons.- 6. Dialectical Blindspots.- 7. Ad Hominem.- 8. And so Indeed are Perfect Cheat.- IV Pragma-Dialectics.- 9. Pragma-Dialectics.- 10. Buttercups, GNP’s and Quarks.- 11. Unifying the Fallacies?.- V Intractable Disagreement.- 12. Standoffs in Public Policy.- 13. Standoffs and Demoralization.- VI How to Interpret Arguments.- 14. Charity: Can We Find it a Home?.- 15. Missing Premisses.- VII Analogy.- 16. By Parity of Reasoning.- 17. Verdi is the Puccini of Music.- VIII Induction.- 18. Secundum Quid.- 19. Hasty Generalization.- 20. The Problem of Abduction.- Epilogue: The Way Ahead?.- References.

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