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Philosophy - Logic & Philosophy of Language | First-Order Modal Logic

First-Order Modal Logic

Series: Synthese Library, Vol. 277

Fitting, M., Mendelsohn, Richard L.

1998, XII, 292 p.

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Fitting and Mendelsohn present a thorough treatment of first-order modal logic, together with some propositional background. They adopt throughout a threefold approach. Semantically, they use possible world models; the formal proof machinery is tableaus; and full philosophical discussions are provided of the way that technical developments bear on well-known philosophical problems.
The book covers quantification itself, including the difference between actualist and possibilist quantifiers; equality, leading to a treatment of Frege's morning star/evening star puzzle; the notion of existence and the logical problems surrounding it; non-rigid constants and function symbols; predicate abstraction, which abstracts a predicate from a formula, in effect providing a scoping function for constants and function symbols, leading to a clarification of ambiguous readings at the heart of several philosophical problems; the distinction between nonexistence and nondesignation; and definite descriptions, borrowing from both Fregean and Russellian paradigms.

Content Level » Research

Related subjects » Linguistics - Logic & Philosophy of Language - Mathematics

Table of contents 

Preface. 1. Propositional Modal Logic. 2. Tableau Proof Systems. 3. Axiom Systems. 4. Quantified Modal Logic. 5. First-Order Tableaus. 6. First-Order Axiom Systems. 7. Equality. 8. Existence and Actualist Quantification. 9. Terms and Predicate Abstraction. 10. Abstraction Continued. 11. Designation. 12. Definite Descriptions. References. Index.

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