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The comprehensive summary of the author's life work
Proposes a theory of objectivity that applies equally well to the natural sciences and the humanities
Takes concepts and methodologies from traditional, analytic and continental philosophy and brings them to a fruitful complementary interplay in the philosophy of science
Offers a clear methodological framework for interdisciplinary investigation
The first part of this book is of an epistemological nature and develops an original theory of scientific objectivity, understood in a weak sense (as intersubjective agreement among the specialists) and a strong sense (as having precise concrete referents). In both cases it relies upon the adoption of operational criteria designed within the particular perspective under which any single science considers reality. The “object” so attained has a proper ontological status, dependent on the specific character of the criteria of reference (regional ontologies). This justifies a form of scientific realism. Such perspectives are also the result of a complex cultural-historical situation. The awareness of such a “historical determinacy” of science justifies including in the philosophy of science the problems of ethics of science, relations of science with metaphysics, and social dimensions of science that overstep the traditional restriction of the philosophy of science to an epistemology of science. It is to this “context” that the second part of the book is devoted.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »Epistemological Dualism - Evandro Agazzi Life Work - Galilean Revolution - Historical Determinacy - Science and Metaphysics - Scientific Objectivity