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It is a general account of the concept of law from an analytically and sociologically oriented philosophical perspective A fresh and comprehensive restatement of an institutional theory of law An attempt of reconnecting political theory, legal theory, and moral philosophy within the framework of a general theory of meaning A reconstruction of the concepts of political power by the use of post-positivist theory of meaning, old and new legal institutionalism, and discourse theory
The book’s argument moves from discussing the relation between law and power. Theories defending the primacy of law over power are played against doctrines which center around the prevailing role of law. Legal positivism and natural law are here the real issue at stake. Constitutionalism and the rule of law are then seen as a development of the modern natural law tradition. But the book’s main move is a consideration of law as a phenomenon possibly connected with language. Once traditional imperativist strategies are seen as unsatisfactory, and nevertheless law is accepted as being a social fact, there is the possibility of addressing such fact as somehow analogically linked with a system of language. In a sense, language is thought of as fundamental or primordial ontological dimension, so that this can offer the key to address and understand the question of what reality is. The question of meaning overlaps that of being, not only as far as the being of the world is concerned but also with respect to the nature of law. The concept of law -could not be approached without addressing the issue of law as a language. To this purpose "use theory" is assessed and taken as a possible candidate to build up a sensible theory of legal validity. From this angle institutionalism is then seen to be the most fruitful approach to conceptualize the ontology of law, though some reform in the standard theory and in its more recent developments is proposed to render more plausible the notion of "institution". Finally, the strong normative side of a (legal) institution is studied. The relation of law and morality is assessed by pointing out the difference between the "constitutive" character of law and the "regulative" core of morality. However, an institution is both an "is" and an "ought", while law is at the same time "facticity" and "normativity.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »Hans Kelsen - Kelsen - Moral - concepts of law - legal positivism - natural law - positivism - theory of law
PART ONE, LAW AND POWER.- Chapter One, Two Opposing Conceptions.- 1. Preliminary.- 2. The law as expression of power. "Analytical jurisprudence" and legal positivism .- 3. The supremacy of the law. Natural law, constitutionalism, the rule of law .- 4. Power as expression of law. Léon Michoud and Hugo Krabbe.- Chapter Two, The Normativist Solution.- 1. Preliminary .- 2. Power conceived of as Law. Hans Kelsen.- 3. Law, Command, Norm.- 4. Normative order, political power, dominion.- 5. Autonomy, Heteronomy, Ideology.- PART TWO, LANGUAGE , NORMS, INSTITUTIONS.- Chapter Three, Meaning and Norm.- 1. Preliminary.-
2. Theories of meaning.- 3. Objections to the verificationist theory.- 4. Objections to the theory of "representation" and to the psychological conception.- 5. Objections to the behaviourist theory.- 6. Theories of the norm and theories of validity.- 7. An "institutionalist" theory of language.- 8. The concept of law. Initial conclusions.- Chapter Four, Law as Institution.- 1. Preliminary.- 2. Santi Romano's theory of law .- 3. Old and new Institutionalism. Santi Romano compared with Neil MacCormick and Ota Weinberger.- 4. The concept of "institution" -- a proposal. 5. The binding force and mandatoriness of norms.- 6. Institution and intentionality. The problem of the social identity of subjects.- 7. The specific nature of legal norms.- Chaper Five, Law and Power.- 1. Preliminary.- 2. The sociological tradition. Two models.- 3. From Hauriou to Weinberger.- 4. Law as "culture".- 5. Power and rule.- PART THREE, MEANING AND VALUES.- Chapter Six, Meaning and Value Judgements.- 1. Preliminary
2. Theories of meaning once more.- 3. Two Contrasting Views: Bertrand Russell and John L. Austin.- 4. Meta-ethical implications.- Chapter Seven, Value Judgements and Justification.-
1. Preliminary. "Revelationist" meta-ethics.- 2. Naturalism, utilitarianism, intuitionism.- 3. Emotivism and prescriptivism.- 4. Universalizability of moral judgements. Linguistic community and discourse theory.- 5. Noncognitivism and critical morality.- 6. The legal and the moral domain. Initial conclusions.- CONCLUSIONS.- Chapter Eight, Law and morality.- 1. What is at stake.- 2. Definitions and distinctions.- 3. The concept of law.- 5. Connections between law and morality.- 6. Separation of law and morality.- 7. "Definitional" and "derivative" formulations