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Focus on the European tradition in philosophy of science
Foundations and methodology of the natural and social sciences
A strongly interdisciplinary approach towards philosophy of science
This volume is a serious attempt to open up the subject of European philosophy of science to real thought, and provide the structural basis for the interdisciplinary development of its specialist fields, but also to provoke reflection on the idea of ‘European philosophy of science’. This efforts should foster a contemporaneous reflection on what might be meant by philosophy of science in Europe and European philosophy of science, and how in fact awareness of it could assist philosophers interpret and motivate their research through a stronger collective identity.
The overarching aim is to set the background for a collaborative project organising, systematising, and ultimately forging an identity for, European philosophy of science by creating research structures and developing research networks across Europe to promote its development. As such under the general rubric of ‘the present situation in the philosophy of science’, the emphasis is on as a first step identifying traditions and research structures already present, and the directions in which this research was leading.
The European perspective in philosophy of science is the inclusion of the historical roots of current debates and the focus on methodological problems that cross the various sub-disciplines. This historical dimension is complemented by the evident broad scope of European philosophy of science which embodies not only a strong tradition of history and philosophy of science, history of philosophy of science, but also philosophy with respect to the cultural and social sciences as part of (not separate to) the discipline, combined with more traditional philosophical issues and approaches, such as the application of formal methods, the problem of realism, determinism and chance or the natural kinds debate. This consideration of general philosophical questions in science is married to a strong tradition of engaging naturalistically with the particular philosophical issues in individual sciences where there exists a prerogative of being closely schooled in the relevant scientific theory and research context. Additionally, one can refer to particular positions, like ‘structural realism’, as ‘European’, having their origin and their centre of pursuit, and indeed their historical links, in the context of European research.
Content Level »Upper undergraduate
Keywords »foundations of natural and social sciences - history of philosophy of science - methodology of natural and social sciences - philosophy of science - philosophy of science in Europe - probability - science
FRIEDRICH STADLER, Editorial: On the Present Situation in the
Philosophy of Science
Part I (Team E)
THOMAS UEBEL, Some Remarks on Current History of
Analytical Philosophy of Science
THOMAS MORMANN, History of Philosophy of Science as Philosophy of Science by Other Means? Comment on Thomas Uebel
CRISTINA CHIMISSO, Aspects of Current History of Philosophy of Science in the French Tradition
ANASTASIOS BRENNER, Reflections on Chimisso: French Philosophy of Science
and the Historical Method
MICHAEL HEIDELBERGER, Aspects of Current History of
19th Century Philosophy of Science
MASSIMO FERRARI, Well, and Pragmatism? Comment on
Michael Heidelberger’s Paper
Part II (Team A)
VINCENZO CRUPI AND STEPHAN HARTMANN, Formal and Empirical Methods in Philosophy of Science
VINCENT F. HENDRICKS, The Bane of Two Truths
THOMAS MÜLLER, Formal Methods in the Philosophy of Natural Science
FRANZ DIETRICH AND CHRISTIAN LIST, The Problem of Constrained Judgment Aggregation
GABRIELLA PIGOZZI, Aggregation Problems and Models: What Comes first?
Part III (Team B)
MARCEL WEBER, Life in a Physical World: The Place of the Life Sciences
CLAUDE DEBRU, Comments on Marcel Weber’s “Life in a Physical World:
The Place of the Life Sciences”
THOMAS REYDON, How Special are the Life Sciences? A View from the Natural Kinds Debate
MILES MACLEOD, The Epistemology-only Approach to Natural Kinds:
A Reply to Thomas Reydon
MEHMET ELGIN, Reductionism in Biology: An Example of Biochemistry
RAFFAELLA CAMPANER, Reductionist and Antireductionist Stances
in the Health Sciences
Part IV (Team C)
WENCESLAO J. GONZALEZ, Trends and Problems in Philosophy of Social and Cultural Sciences: A European Perspective
ARTO SIITONEN, State of the Art. A Commentary on Wenceslao J. Gonzalez’s Contribution, “Trends and Problems in Philosophy of Social and
Cultural Sciences: A European Perspective”
MATTI SINTONEN, Scientific Realism, the New Mechanical Philosophers,
and the Friends of Modelling
DANIEL ANDLER, IsNaturalism the Unsurpassable Philosophy for the
Sciences of Man in the 21st Century?
ANTONIO ZILHAO, What Does it Mean to Be a Naturalist in the Human and Social Sciences? A Comment on Daniel Andler’s “Is Naturalism the Unsurpassable Philosophy for the Sciences of Man in the Twenty-first Century?”
Part V (Team D)
DENNIS DIEKS, Reichenbach and the Conventionality of
Distant Simultaneity in Perspective
MAURO DORATO, On Various Senses of “Conventional” and their Interrelation
in the Philosophy of Physics: Simultaneity as a Case Study
ROMAN FRIGG AND CARL HOEFER, Determinism and Chance from a
LÁSZLÓ E. SZABÓ, What remains of Probability?
HOLGER LYRE, Humean Perspectives on Structural Realism
F. A. MULLER, The Characterisation of Structure: Definition versus Axiomatisation
Index of Names