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Provides new perspectives on the relation between psychology and philosophy
Covers a time span from the 16th century to contemporary discussions
Explores the history of the limits of psychology as a science
Offers a comprehensive study of the impact of Aristotle’s De anima from 1500 until the end of the 19th century
Psychology and Philosophy provides a history of the relations between philosophy and the science of psychology from late scholasticism to contemporary discussions. The book covers the development from 16th-century interpretations of Aristotle’s De Anima, through Kantianism and the 19th-century revival of Aristotelianism, up to 20th-century phenomenological and analytic studies of consciousness and the mind.
In this volume historically divergent conceptions of psychology as a science receive special emphasis. The volume illuminates the particular nature of studies of the psyche in the contexts of Aristotelian and Cartesian as well as 19th- and 20th-century science and philosophy. The relations between metaphysics, transcendental philosophy, and natural science are studied in the works of Kant, Brentano, Bergson, Husserl, Merleau-Ponty, Wittgenstein, and Davidson. Accounts of less known philosophers, such as Trendelenburg and Maine de Biran, throw new light on the history of the field. Discussions concerning the connections between moral philosophy and philosophical psychology broaden the volume’s perspective and show new directions for development.
All contributions are based on novel research in their respective fields. The collection provides materials for researchers and graduate students in the fields of philosophy of mind, history of philosophy, and psychology.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »Consciousness - Gestalt psychology - History of psychology - Immanuel Kant - Kant - Mind - Naturalism - Soul - Spinoza - William James - moral philosophy - psychology
Psychology in Philosophy: Historical Perspectives.- Philosophical Psychology in 1500: Erfurt, Padua and Bologna.- The Status of Psychology as Understood by Sixteenth-Century Scholastics.- Cartesian Psychology – Could There Be One?.- Imagination and Reason in Spinoza.- Natural Law and the Theory of Moral Obligation.- Aspects of Inductivism in Thomas Reid’s Science of the Mind.- Kant on Consciousness.- Physiognomy as Science and Art.- Toward the Rebirth of Aristotelian Psychology: Trendelenburg and Brentano.- The Problem of Mind and Other Minds in William James’s Pragmatism.- Psychology and Metaphysics from Maine de Biran to Bergson.- Philosophy, Psychology, Phenomenology.- Phenomenological Responses to Gestalt Psychology.- Philosophy of Mind with and Against Wittgenstein.