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Open Access | Open Access Glossary

Open Access Glossary

Open access mandate 

An open access mandate is issued by an institution, government or funder and requires their researchers to make their results freely available to the public. It determines whether the researchers have to publish their articles in a fully or hybrid open access journal (gold open access) and/or if they have to self-archive their work in an online repository (green open access).
In some cases, institutions which have an open access mandate also provide an open access fund to support their researchers financially.

Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license 

The Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license facilitates the open distribution and the free re-use and sharing of the work for commercial and non-commercial purposes, provided the original authors and the source are properly attributed.

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC) license 

The Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC) license facilitates the open distribution and the free re-use and sharing of the work for non-commercial purposes, provided the original authors and the source are properly attributed.

Gold Open Access 

Publication of an article by Open Access publishers or in typically peer-reviewed Open Access journals and financed either upfront through publishing fees or through public or private funds.

Green Open Access 

The concept of researchers self-archiving their work in online repositories (personal, institutional or subject-specific).

Green vs Gold Open Access - explained by F. Scholze, KIT 

F. Scholze, Library Director of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany

Useful Open Access Resources